Risk and protective factors for adolescents’ illicit drug use

A population-based study

Jung Yu Liao, Chiu Mieh Huang, Charles Tzu Chi Lee, Hsiao Pei Hsu, Chiu Ching Chang, Che Jen Chuang, Jong Long Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The use of illicit drugs by adolescents is a widespread problem in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to identify risk and protective factors. Design: Web-based survey of high school students. Setting: Senior high schools and vocational high schools in northern Taiwan. Method: Survey data were collected from 15,754 students. Logistic regression analysis examined potential risk and protective factors in individual, family and peer/school domains for lifetime, past-year and past-month illicit drug use and the single and/or multiple use of ketamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and marijuana. Results: The prevalence rates of illicit drug use varied from 1.18% to 2.19% by frequency and type of illicit drug use. Perceived availability of illicit drugs, betel nut chewing, drug use by a family member, peer drug use, missing classes and type of school were significant risk factors in lifetime, past-year and past-month use. Sensation seeking, family member and peer drug use were common factors in ketamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and marijuana use. Drug use by a family member increased the risk of multiple drug use. Smoking was a risk factor for ketamine use. Drug-related knowledge was a protective factor. Conclusions: These findings support the idea that there exist multilevel risk and protective factors for drug use, especially in the family and peer/school domains. School-based interventions should be designed to integrate different levels of risk and protective factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-761
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Education Journal
Volume77
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Street Drugs
Ketamine
Population
Pharmaceutical Preparations
N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine
Methamphetamine
Cannabis
Taiwan
Areca
Students
Protective Agents
Mastication
Protective Factors
Logistic Models
Smoking
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • illicit drug use
  • protective factors
  • risk factors
  • school-based intervention
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Risk and protective factors for adolescents’ illicit drug use : A population-based study. / Liao, Jung Yu; Huang, Chiu Mieh; Lee, Charles Tzu Chi; Hsu, Hsiao Pei; Chang, Chiu Ching; Chuang, Che Jen; Guo, Jong Long.

In: Health Education Journal, Vol. 77, No. 7, 01.11.2018, p. 749-761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liao, Jung Yu ; Huang, Chiu Mieh ; Lee, Charles Tzu Chi ; Hsu, Hsiao Pei ; Chang, Chiu Ching ; Chuang, Che Jen ; Guo, Jong Long. / Risk and protective factors for adolescents’ illicit drug use : A population-based study. In: Health Education Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 77, No. 7. pp. 749-761.
@article{bceb8360d29046fa95c62364226542bc,
title = "Risk and protective factors for adolescents’ illicit drug use: A population-based study",
abstract = "Objective: The use of illicit drugs by adolescents is a widespread problem in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to identify risk and protective factors. Design: Web-based survey of high school students. Setting: Senior high schools and vocational high schools in northern Taiwan. Method: Survey data were collected from 15,754 students. Logistic regression analysis examined potential risk and protective factors in individual, family and peer/school domains for lifetime, past-year and past-month illicit drug use and the single and/or multiple use of ketamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and marijuana. Results: The prevalence rates of illicit drug use varied from 1.18{\%} to 2.19{\%} by frequency and type of illicit drug use. Perceived availability of illicit drugs, betel nut chewing, drug use by a family member, peer drug use, missing classes and type of school were significant risk factors in lifetime, past-year and past-month use. Sensation seeking, family member and peer drug use were common factors in ketamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and marijuana use. Drug use by a family member increased the risk of multiple drug use. Smoking was a risk factor for ketamine use. Drug-related knowledge was a protective factor. Conclusions: These findings support the idea that there exist multilevel risk and protective factors for drug use, especially in the family and peer/school domains. School-based interventions should be designed to integrate different levels of risk and protective factors.",
keywords = "Adolescents, illicit drug use, protective factors, risk factors, school-based intervention, Taiwan",
author = "Liao, {Jung Yu} and Huang, {Chiu Mieh} and Lee, {Charles Tzu Chi} and Hsu, {Hsiao Pei} and Chang, {Chiu Ching} and Chuang, {Che Jen} and Guo, {Jong Long}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0017896918763462",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
pages = "749--761",
journal = "Health Education Journal",
issn = "0017-8969",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk and protective factors for adolescents’ illicit drug use

T2 - A population-based study

AU - Liao, Jung Yu

AU - Huang, Chiu Mieh

AU - Lee, Charles Tzu Chi

AU - Hsu, Hsiao Pei

AU - Chang, Chiu Ching

AU - Chuang, Che Jen

AU - Guo, Jong Long

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - Objective: The use of illicit drugs by adolescents is a widespread problem in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to identify risk and protective factors. Design: Web-based survey of high school students. Setting: Senior high schools and vocational high schools in northern Taiwan. Method: Survey data were collected from 15,754 students. Logistic regression analysis examined potential risk and protective factors in individual, family and peer/school domains for lifetime, past-year and past-month illicit drug use and the single and/or multiple use of ketamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and marijuana. Results: The prevalence rates of illicit drug use varied from 1.18% to 2.19% by frequency and type of illicit drug use. Perceived availability of illicit drugs, betel nut chewing, drug use by a family member, peer drug use, missing classes and type of school were significant risk factors in lifetime, past-year and past-month use. Sensation seeking, family member and peer drug use were common factors in ketamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and marijuana use. Drug use by a family member increased the risk of multiple drug use. Smoking was a risk factor for ketamine use. Drug-related knowledge was a protective factor. Conclusions: These findings support the idea that there exist multilevel risk and protective factors for drug use, especially in the family and peer/school domains. School-based interventions should be designed to integrate different levels of risk and protective factors.

AB - Objective: The use of illicit drugs by adolescents is a widespread problem in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to identify risk and protective factors. Design: Web-based survey of high school students. Setting: Senior high schools and vocational high schools in northern Taiwan. Method: Survey data were collected from 15,754 students. Logistic regression analysis examined potential risk and protective factors in individual, family and peer/school domains for lifetime, past-year and past-month illicit drug use and the single and/or multiple use of ketamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and marijuana. Results: The prevalence rates of illicit drug use varied from 1.18% to 2.19% by frequency and type of illicit drug use. Perceived availability of illicit drugs, betel nut chewing, drug use by a family member, peer drug use, missing classes and type of school were significant risk factors in lifetime, past-year and past-month use. Sensation seeking, family member and peer drug use were common factors in ketamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and marijuana use. Drug use by a family member increased the risk of multiple drug use. Smoking was a risk factor for ketamine use. Drug-related knowledge was a protective factor. Conclusions: These findings support the idea that there exist multilevel risk and protective factors for drug use, especially in the family and peer/school domains. School-based interventions should be designed to integrate different levels of risk and protective factors.

KW - Adolescents

KW - illicit drug use

KW - protective factors

KW - risk factors

KW - school-based intervention

KW - Taiwan

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045052674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045052674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0017896918763462

DO - 10.1177/0017896918763462

M3 - Article

VL - 77

SP - 749

EP - 761

JO - Health Education Journal

JF - Health Education Journal

SN - 0017-8969

IS - 7

ER -