Responses of the China seas to tropical cyclone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter the ocean responses to tropical cyclone (TC) in the China seas are discussed. The powerful Kuroshio, mesoscale eddy activity, and complicated bathymetry in the area modulate the responses to the passage of TCs. Upwelling, entrainment and near-inertial oscillation trailed behind TCs are well simulated by ocean models. Sea surface temperature (SST) cooling caused by upwelling and vertical mixing is observed using satellite observations and three dimensional models. Observational and high-resolution model analyses are carried out to study the favorable conditions and relevant physical processes that cause the SST cooling. The result demonstrates that upwelling dominates vertical entrainment in producing the surface cooling for a subcritical storm. Further, surface chlorophyll-a concentration often increases significantly after TC’s departure. Upwelling and mixing bring nutrient-rich subsurface water to the sea surface, causing enhancement of phytoplankton bloom.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages313-331
Number of pages19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Publication series

NameAdvances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research
Volume40
ISSN (Print)1878-9897
ISSN (Electronic)2213-6959

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Keywords

  • Air-sea interaction
  • Kuroshio
  • Mesoscale eddies
  • Ocean model
  • Ocean thermal structure
  • Propagation speed
  • SST cooling
  • Tropical cyclone
  • Upwelling
  • Vertical entrainment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economic Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Wu, C-R. (2014). Responses of the China seas to tropical cyclone. In Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research (pp. 313-331). (Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research; Vol. 40). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40695-9_15