Repetitively hypoxic preconditioning attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced liver dysfunction through upregulation of hypoxia-induced factor-1 alpha-dependent mitochondrial Bcl-xl in rat

Pei Lei Chou, Kuo Hsin Chen, Tzu Ching Chang, Chiang Ting Chien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Repetitive hypoxic preconditioning (HP) enforces protective effects to subsequently severe hypoxic/ischemic stress. We hypothesized that HP may provide protection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat livers via hypoxia-induced factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α)/reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent defensive mechanisms. Female Wistar rats were exposed to hypoxia (15 h/day) in a hypobaric hypoxic chamber (5500 m) for HP induction, whereas the others were kept in sea level. These rats were subjected to 45 min of hepatic ischemia by portal vein occlusion followed by 6 h of reperfusion. We evaluated HIF-1α in nuclear extracts, MnSOD, CuZnSOD, catalase, Bad/Bcl-xL/caspase 3/poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP), mitochondrial Bcl-xL, and cytosolic cytochrome C expression with Western blot and nitroblue tetrazolium/3-nitrotyrosine stain. Kupffer cell infiltration and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling method apoptosis were determined by immunocytochemistry. The ROS value from liver surface and bile was detected by an ultrasensitive chemiluminescence-amplification method. Hepatic function was assessed with plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. HP increased nuclear translocation of HIF-1α and enhanced Bcl-xL, MnSOD, CuZnSOD, and catalase protein expression in a time-dependent manner. The response of HP enhanced hepatic HIF-1α, and Bcl-xL expression was abrogated by a HIF-1α inhibitor YC-1. Hepatic I/R increased ROS levels, myeloperoxidase activity, Kupffer cell infiltration, ALT and AST levels associated with the enhancement of cytosolic Bad translocation to mitochondria, release of cytochrome C to cytosol, and activation of caspase 3/PARP-mediated apoptosis. HP significantly ameliorated hepatic I/R-enhanced oxidative stress, apoptosis, and mitochondrial and hepatic dysfunction. In summary, HP enhances HIF-1α/ROS-dependent cascades to upregulate mitochondrial Bcl-xL protein expression and to confer protection against I/R injury in the livers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
JournalChinese Journal of Physiology
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bcl-xL
  • hypoxia-inducible factor-1α
  • hypoxic preconditioning
  • reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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