Relationships Among Cyberbullying, School Bullying, and Mental Health in Taiwanese Adolescents

Fong Ching Chang*, Ching Mei Lee, Chiung Hui Chiu, Wen Yun Hsi, Tzu Fu Huang, Yun Chieh Pan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Citations (Scopus)


Background: This study examined the relationships among cyberbullying, school bullying, and mental health in adolescents. Methods: In 2010, a total of 2992 10th grade students recruited from 26 high schools in Taipei, Taiwan completed questionnaires. Results: More than one third of students had either engaged in cyberbullying or had been the target (cybervictim) of it in the last year. About 18.4% had been cyberbullied (cybervictim); 5.8% had cyberbullied others (cyberbully); 11.2% had both cyberbullied others and been cyberbullied (cyberbully-victim). About 8.2% had been bullied in school (victim); 10.6% had bullied others (bully); and, 5.1% had both bullied others and had been bullied in school (bully-victim). Students with Internet risk behaviors were more likely to be involved in cyberbullying and/or cybervictimization; students who had cyberbullying or victimization experiences also tended to be involved in school bullying/victimization. After controlling for sex, academic performance, and household poverty, cyber/school victims and bully-victims were more likely to have lower self-esteem, and cyber/school victims, bullies and bully-victims were at a greater risk for serious depression. Conclusions: Both cyberbullying and school bullying and/or victimization experiences were independently associated with increased depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-462
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of School Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun


  • Cyberbullying
  • Mental health
  • School bullying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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