Relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction in Chinese young adults

Mediating roles of self-control and attachment anxiety

Lei Han, Jingyu Geng, Min Jou, Fengqiang Gao, Huayong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mobile phones are indispensable for many young adults, but such devices may negatively affect their mental health and well-being. Previous studies revealed a significant association between shyness and mobile phone addiction. This study further explored this association, its underlying mechanisms, and the mediating effects of self-control and attachment anxiety of mobile phone addiction. Investigational methods included a cross-sectional design and multiple questionnaires, namely the College Students' Shyness Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory, College Students' Self-Control Scale, and Mobile Phone Addiction Index. Correlation analysis indicated that shyness, attachment anxiety, and mobile phone addiction have significant, positive correlations with each other, as well as significant, negative correlations with self-control. Hayes's PROCESS macro revealed that self-control and attachment anxiety played multiple mediation roles in the relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction. In other words, (1) shyness was negatively associated with mobile phone addiction, (2) both attachment anxiety and self-control played partial and parallel mediating roles between shyness and mobile phone addiction, and (3) attachment anxiety and self-control mediated the link between shyness and mobile phone addiction sequentially. The results of this study indicate that mobile phone addiction among shy young adults can be eliminated through the development of self-control and alleviation of attachment anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Shyness
Cell Phones
Mobile phones
Young Adult
Anxiety
Self-Control
Addiction
Self-control
Mobile Phone
Young Adults
Students
Equipment and Supplies
Macros
Mental Health
Health

Keywords

  • Attachment anxiety
  • Mobile phone addiction
  • Multiple mediating effects
  • Self-control
  • Shyness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction in Chinese young adults : Mediating roles of self-control and attachment anxiety. / Han, Lei; Geng, Jingyu; Jou, Min; Gao, Fengqiang; Yang, Huayong.

In: Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 76, 01.11.2017, p. 363-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7ccaa579cc734fa1917b58f98026a0e3,
title = "Relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction in Chinese young adults: Mediating roles of self-control and attachment anxiety",
abstract = "Mobile phones are indispensable for many young adults, but such devices may negatively affect their mental health and well-being. Previous studies revealed a significant association between shyness and mobile phone addiction. This study further explored this association, its underlying mechanisms, and the mediating effects of self-control and attachment anxiety of mobile phone addiction. Investigational methods included a cross-sectional design and multiple questionnaires, namely the College Students' Shyness Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory, College Students' Self-Control Scale, and Mobile Phone Addiction Index. Correlation analysis indicated that shyness, attachment anxiety, and mobile phone addiction have significant, positive correlations with each other, as well as significant, negative correlations with self-control. Hayes's PROCESS macro revealed that self-control and attachment anxiety played multiple mediation roles in the relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction. In other words, (1) shyness was negatively associated with mobile phone addiction, (2) both attachment anxiety and self-control played partial and parallel mediating roles between shyness and mobile phone addiction, and (3) attachment anxiety and self-control mediated the link between shyness and mobile phone addiction sequentially. The results of this study indicate that mobile phone addiction among shy young adults can be eliminated through the development of self-control and alleviation of attachment anxiety.",
keywords = "Attachment anxiety, Mobile phone addiction, Multiple mediating effects, Self-control, Shyness",
author = "Lei Han and Jingyu Geng and Min Jou and Fengqiang Gao and Huayong Yang",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chb.2017.07.036",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "363--371",
journal = "Computers in Human Behavior",
issn = "0747-5632",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction in Chinese young adults

T2 - Mediating roles of self-control and attachment anxiety

AU - Han, Lei

AU - Geng, Jingyu

AU - Jou, Min

AU - Gao, Fengqiang

AU - Yang, Huayong

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Mobile phones are indispensable for many young adults, but such devices may negatively affect their mental health and well-being. Previous studies revealed a significant association between shyness and mobile phone addiction. This study further explored this association, its underlying mechanisms, and the mediating effects of self-control and attachment anxiety of mobile phone addiction. Investigational methods included a cross-sectional design and multiple questionnaires, namely the College Students' Shyness Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory, College Students' Self-Control Scale, and Mobile Phone Addiction Index. Correlation analysis indicated that shyness, attachment anxiety, and mobile phone addiction have significant, positive correlations with each other, as well as significant, negative correlations with self-control. Hayes's PROCESS macro revealed that self-control and attachment anxiety played multiple mediation roles in the relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction. In other words, (1) shyness was negatively associated with mobile phone addiction, (2) both attachment anxiety and self-control played partial and parallel mediating roles between shyness and mobile phone addiction, and (3) attachment anxiety and self-control mediated the link between shyness and mobile phone addiction sequentially. The results of this study indicate that mobile phone addiction among shy young adults can be eliminated through the development of self-control and alleviation of attachment anxiety.

AB - Mobile phones are indispensable for many young adults, but such devices may negatively affect their mental health and well-being. Previous studies revealed a significant association between shyness and mobile phone addiction. This study further explored this association, its underlying mechanisms, and the mediating effects of self-control and attachment anxiety of mobile phone addiction. Investigational methods included a cross-sectional design and multiple questionnaires, namely the College Students' Shyness Scale, Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory, College Students' Self-Control Scale, and Mobile Phone Addiction Index. Correlation analysis indicated that shyness, attachment anxiety, and mobile phone addiction have significant, positive correlations with each other, as well as significant, negative correlations with self-control. Hayes's PROCESS macro revealed that self-control and attachment anxiety played multiple mediation roles in the relationship between shyness and mobile phone addiction. In other words, (1) shyness was negatively associated with mobile phone addiction, (2) both attachment anxiety and self-control played partial and parallel mediating roles between shyness and mobile phone addiction, and (3) attachment anxiety and self-control mediated the link between shyness and mobile phone addiction sequentially. The results of this study indicate that mobile phone addiction among shy young adults can be eliminated through the development of self-control and alleviation of attachment anxiety.

KW - Attachment anxiety

KW - Mobile phone addiction

KW - Multiple mediating effects

KW - Self-control

KW - Shyness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026678028&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026678028&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chb.2017.07.036

DO - 10.1016/j.chb.2017.07.036

M3 - Article

VL - 76

SP - 363

EP - 371

JO - Computers in Human Behavior

JF - Computers in Human Behavior

SN - 0747-5632

ER -