Relationship between off-ice testing variables and on-ice speed in women's collegiate synchronized figure skaters: Implications for training

Michelle E. Bower, William J. Kraemer, Jeffrey A. Potteiger, Jeff S. Volek, Disa A. Hatfield, Jakob L. Vingren, Barry A. Spiering, Maren S. Fragala, Jen-Yu Ho, Gwendolyn A. Thomas, Jacob E. Earp, Keijo Häkkinen, Carl M. Maresh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the current investigation was to identify any existing relationships between off-ice performance measures and on-ice performance quantified by speed and acceleration. Twenty-seven women (age 1961 year; body mass (59.5±6.8 kg; height 164.6±6.35 cm; body fat 23.2 ± 3.9%) who were collegiate synchronized figure skaters volunteered for the investigation. To examine the relationship between off-ice performance and on-ice speed and acceleration, collegiate synchronized skaters were evaluated on various performance tests over a 1-week period. Off-ice tests completed were peak torque for hip abduction and adduction, 40-yard sprint, vertical jump height, 30-second slide board stride count, and a 1-RM (repetition maximum) squat. Onice tests included a timed single lap sprint, 4.5-minute (duration of long program) lap count, and an approximately 16.5-m (18- yard blue line to blue line) timed acceleration. Significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. This study showed 3 primary findings: (a) slide board stride count was the single best predictor for both single lap on-ice speed and acceleration accounting for 53.5% (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in the single lap test and 42.5% (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in acceleration times; (b) vertical jump height test was the second best predictor for both the single lap test and on-ice acceleration accounting for 36.6% and 39.9% (adjusted R 2 values) of the variance in times recorded, respectively; and (c) the best combined predictors for the single lap speed test were slide board stride count and 40-yard dash (R2 = 0.675), whereas the best combined predictors for on-ice acceleration were slide board stride count and vertical jump height test (R2 = 0.571). Conditioning for synchronized skaters to enhance performance of on-the-ice speed and acceleration should include slide board training implementation of plyometric and linear speed training while developing and maintaining 1-RM strength to support power capabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-839
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Ice
Plyometric Exercise
Torque
Adipose Tissue
Hip

Keywords

  • Athletic performance
  • Power
  • Speed
  • Sport science
  • Winter sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Relationship between off-ice testing variables and on-ice speed in women's collegiate synchronized figure skaters : Implications for training. / Bower, Michelle E.; Kraemer, William J.; Potteiger, Jeffrey A.; Volek, Jeff S.; Hatfield, Disa A.; Vingren, Jakob L.; Spiering, Barry A.; Fragala, Maren S.; Ho, Jen-Yu; Thomas, Gwendolyn A.; Earp, Jacob E.; Häkkinen, Keijo; Maresh, Carl M.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 24, No. 3, 01.03.2010, p. 831-839.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bower, ME, Kraemer, WJ, Potteiger, JA, Volek, JS, Hatfield, DA, Vingren, JL, Spiering, BA, Fragala, MS, Ho, J-Y, Thomas, GA, Earp, JE, Häkkinen, K & Maresh, CM 2010, 'Relationship between off-ice testing variables and on-ice speed in women's collegiate synchronized figure skaters: Implications for training', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 831-839. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a59a5c
Bower, Michelle E. ; Kraemer, William J. ; Potteiger, Jeffrey A. ; Volek, Jeff S. ; Hatfield, Disa A. ; Vingren, Jakob L. ; Spiering, Barry A. ; Fragala, Maren S. ; Ho, Jen-Yu ; Thomas, Gwendolyn A. ; Earp, Jacob E. ; Häkkinen, Keijo ; Maresh, Carl M. / Relationship between off-ice testing variables and on-ice speed in women's collegiate synchronized figure skaters : Implications for training. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 831-839.
@article{01c98191b16142cf86aaea685641aedd,
title = "Relationship between off-ice testing variables and on-ice speed in women's collegiate synchronized figure skaters: Implications for training",
abstract = "The purpose of the current investigation was to identify any existing relationships between off-ice performance measures and on-ice performance quantified by speed and acceleration. Twenty-seven women (age 1961 year; body mass (59.5±6.8 kg; height 164.6±6.35 cm; body fat 23.2 ± 3.9{\%}) who were collegiate synchronized figure skaters volunteered for the investigation. To examine the relationship between off-ice performance and on-ice speed and acceleration, collegiate synchronized skaters were evaluated on various performance tests over a 1-week period. Off-ice tests completed were peak torque for hip abduction and adduction, 40-yard sprint, vertical jump height, 30-second slide board stride count, and a 1-RM (repetition maximum) squat. Onice tests included a timed single lap sprint, 4.5-minute (duration of long program) lap count, and an approximately 16.5-m (18- yard blue line to blue line) timed acceleration. Significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. This study showed 3 primary findings: (a) slide board stride count was the single best predictor for both single lap on-ice speed and acceleration accounting for 53.5{\%} (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in the single lap test and 42.5{\%} (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in acceleration times; (b) vertical jump height test was the second best predictor for both the single lap test and on-ice acceleration accounting for 36.6{\%} and 39.9{\%} (adjusted R 2 values) of the variance in times recorded, respectively; and (c) the best combined predictors for the single lap speed test were slide board stride count and 40-yard dash (R2 = 0.675), whereas the best combined predictors for on-ice acceleration were slide board stride count and vertical jump height test (R2 = 0.571). Conditioning for synchronized skaters to enhance performance of on-the-ice speed and acceleration should include slide board training implementation of plyometric and linear speed training while developing and maintaining 1-RM strength to support power capabilities.",
keywords = "Athletic performance, Power, Speed, Sport science, Winter sports",
author = "Bower, {Michelle E.} and Kraemer, {William J.} and Potteiger, {Jeffrey A.} and Volek, {Jeff S.} and Hatfield, {Disa A.} and Vingren, {Jakob L.} and Spiering, {Barry A.} and Fragala, {Maren S.} and Jen-Yu Ho and Thomas, {Gwendolyn A.} and Earp, {Jacob E.} and Keijo H{\"a}kkinen and Maresh, {Carl M.}",
year = "2010",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a59a5c",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "831--839",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between off-ice testing variables and on-ice speed in women's collegiate synchronized figure skaters

T2 - Implications for training

AU - Bower, Michelle E.

AU - Kraemer, William J.

AU - Potteiger, Jeffrey A.

AU - Volek, Jeff S.

AU - Hatfield, Disa A.

AU - Vingren, Jakob L.

AU - Spiering, Barry A.

AU - Fragala, Maren S.

AU - Ho, Jen-Yu

AU - Thomas, Gwendolyn A.

AU - Earp, Jacob E.

AU - Häkkinen, Keijo

AU - Maresh, Carl M.

PY - 2010/3/1

Y1 - 2010/3/1

N2 - The purpose of the current investigation was to identify any existing relationships between off-ice performance measures and on-ice performance quantified by speed and acceleration. Twenty-seven women (age 1961 year; body mass (59.5±6.8 kg; height 164.6±6.35 cm; body fat 23.2 ± 3.9%) who were collegiate synchronized figure skaters volunteered for the investigation. To examine the relationship between off-ice performance and on-ice speed and acceleration, collegiate synchronized skaters were evaluated on various performance tests over a 1-week period. Off-ice tests completed were peak torque for hip abduction and adduction, 40-yard sprint, vertical jump height, 30-second slide board stride count, and a 1-RM (repetition maximum) squat. Onice tests included a timed single lap sprint, 4.5-minute (duration of long program) lap count, and an approximately 16.5-m (18- yard blue line to blue line) timed acceleration. Significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. This study showed 3 primary findings: (a) slide board stride count was the single best predictor for both single lap on-ice speed and acceleration accounting for 53.5% (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in the single lap test and 42.5% (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in acceleration times; (b) vertical jump height test was the second best predictor for both the single lap test and on-ice acceleration accounting for 36.6% and 39.9% (adjusted R 2 values) of the variance in times recorded, respectively; and (c) the best combined predictors for the single lap speed test were slide board stride count and 40-yard dash (R2 = 0.675), whereas the best combined predictors for on-ice acceleration were slide board stride count and vertical jump height test (R2 = 0.571). Conditioning for synchronized skaters to enhance performance of on-the-ice speed and acceleration should include slide board training implementation of plyometric and linear speed training while developing and maintaining 1-RM strength to support power capabilities.

AB - The purpose of the current investigation was to identify any existing relationships between off-ice performance measures and on-ice performance quantified by speed and acceleration. Twenty-seven women (age 1961 year; body mass (59.5±6.8 kg; height 164.6±6.35 cm; body fat 23.2 ± 3.9%) who were collegiate synchronized figure skaters volunteered for the investigation. To examine the relationship between off-ice performance and on-ice speed and acceleration, collegiate synchronized skaters were evaluated on various performance tests over a 1-week period. Off-ice tests completed were peak torque for hip abduction and adduction, 40-yard sprint, vertical jump height, 30-second slide board stride count, and a 1-RM (repetition maximum) squat. Onice tests included a timed single lap sprint, 4.5-minute (duration of long program) lap count, and an approximately 16.5-m (18- yard blue line to blue line) timed acceleration. Significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. This study showed 3 primary findings: (a) slide board stride count was the single best predictor for both single lap on-ice speed and acceleration accounting for 53.5% (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in the single lap test and 42.5% (adjusted R2 value) of the variance in acceleration times; (b) vertical jump height test was the second best predictor for both the single lap test and on-ice acceleration accounting for 36.6% and 39.9% (adjusted R 2 values) of the variance in times recorded, respectively; and (c) the best combined predictors for the single lap speed test were slide board stride count and 40-yard dash (R2 = 0.675), whereas the best combined predictors for on-ice acceleration were slide board stride count and vertical jump height test (R2 = 0.571). Conditioning for synchronized skaters to enhance performance of on-the-ice speed and acceleration should include slide board training implementation of plyometric and linear speed training while developing and maintaining 1-RM strength to support power capabilities.

KW - Athletic performance

KW - Power

KW - Speed

KW - Sport science

KW - Winter sports

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950599165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77950599165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a59a5c

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a59a5c

M3 - Article

C2 - 19816217

AN - SCOPUS:77950599165

VL - 24

SP - 831

EP - 839

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 3

ER -