Relationship between mindfulness, psychological skills and mental toughness in college athletes

Chih Han Wu, Jui Ti Nien, Chi Yen Lin, Yu Hsiang Nien, Garry Kuan, Tsung Yi Wu*, Fei Fei Ren, Yu Kai Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Numerous studies have shown that dispositional mindfulness is positively associated with many mental abilities related to sports performance, including psychological skills and mental toughness. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between dispositional mindful-ness, psychological skills, and mental toughness among different types of athletes. For this cross-sectional study, 101 college athletes were recruited. Their dispositional mindfulness, psychological skills, and mental toughness were measured by the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Athletic Psychological Skills Inventory (APSI), and Traits of Mental Toughness Inventory for Sports Scale (TMTIS). Pearson’s correlation was used to calculate how dispositional mindfulness is associated with psychological skills and mental toughness. The results revealed that dispositional mindfulness is positively associated with comprehensive APSI (r = 0.21–0.36, p < 0.05), TMTIS overall (r = 0.27, p < 0.01), positive effort (r = 0.26, p = 0.01), and pressure (r = 0.30, p < 0.01). These findings suggest a positive linkage between mindfulness and the two examined psychological characteristics related to sports performance. Other approaches to increase mindfulness may be considered in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6802
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Dispositional mindfulness
  • Mental toughness
  • Psychological skills
  • Sports performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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