Euryhaline tilapia larvae are capable of adapting to environmental salinity changes even when transferred from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW) or vice versa. In this study, the water balance of developing tilapia larvae (Oreochromis mossambicus) adapted to FW or SW was compared, and the short-term regulation of drinking rate of the larvae during salinity adaptation was also examined. Following development, wet weight and water content of both SW- and FW-adapted larvae increased gradually, while the dry weight of both group larvae showed a slow but significant decline. On the other hand, the drinking rate of SW-adapted larvae was four- to ninefold higher than that of FW-adapted larvae from day 2 to day 5 after hatching. During acute salinity challenges, tilapia larvae reacted profoundly in drinking rate, that is, increased or decreased drinking rate within several hours while facing hypertonic or hypotonic challenges, to maintain their constancy of body fluid. This rapid regulation in water balance upon salinity challenges may be critical for the development and survival of developing larvae.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology