Reduction in magnetic coercivity of Co nanomagnets by Fe alloying

Hung Hsiang Yang*, Chuan Che Hsu, Kanta Asakawa, Wen Chin Lin, Yukio Hasegawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We measured the magnetic hysteresis and coercivity of individual Co and Co0.8Fe0.2 bilayer nano-sized island structures formed on Cu (111) substrate using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. From the hysteresis taken on various sizes of islands, we found that the alloyed islands are ferromagnetic with out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy, same as the pure islands. Coercivity of the alloy islands, which is dependent on their size, was significantly reduced to ≈40% of that of the pure islands. Based on the Stoner-Wohlfarth model, we evaluated the amount of magnetic anisotropic energy and anisotropy constant for both pure and alloy islands. Since tunneling spectra taken on the alloy islands show upward shifts of the valence electronic states as compared to the pure ones, fewer electrons populated in the valence band of the alloy islands are presumably responsible for the reduction in the magnetic anisotropic energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16719-16725
Number of pages7
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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