Reciprocal relationships between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use in taiwan: Cross-lagged panel study

Ji Kang Chen, Wen Chi Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prior studies have suggested a link between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use. However, the causal relationships between these two variables have not been identified, par-ticularly in adolescence. Utilizing longitudinal panel data from Taiwan, this report examined the temporal relationships between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use among adoles-cents. One thousand and thirty-nine students (Grades 7–12) were surveyed at two-time points with a 6-month interval. The results of cross-lagged panel analysis showed that sleep problems at Time 1 significantly predicted problematic smartphone use at Time 2. Problematic smartphone use at Time 1 also significantly predicted sleep problems at Time 2. These findings applied to boys and girls and suggested that temporal relationships between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use among teenagers are reciprocal. Accordingly, increasing sleep quality may prevent future problematic smartphone use, while reducing problematic smartphone use may prevent sleep problems in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7438
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 2

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cross-lagged panel analysis
  • Problematic smartphone use
  • Sleep problems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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