Real-time traffic evacuation management under multiple coordinated human-caused threats

Georgiana L. Hamza-Lup, Kien A. Hua, Rui Peng, Yao H. Ho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface transportation system plays a crucial role in responding to human-caused disasters and other catastrophic incidents that have devastating impacts on the lives of population all over the world. ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems) can play an important role not only in improving the operational efficiency of the transportation system, but also in enhancing its security and response to emergencies. In this paper, we propose new techniques for augmenting ITS to improve and support homeland security. In particular, we extend our existing work on developing a Smart Traffic Evacuation Management System (STEMS), by proposing new evacuation algorithms that can handle multiple incidents occurring in close proximity in a short time frame. This scenario is frequently encountered in terrorist attacks, as they are intended to create panic and terror. STEMS provides rapid and efficient response to human-caused threats and disasters, by dynamically generating evacuation plans based on incidents locations and scopes, and subsequently automatically controlling traffic lights to direct evacuation traffic in a safe manner. Furthermore, in case of multiple incidents, STEMS revises the current evacuation plans under execution in order to safely reroute traffic away from all incidents.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Transportation Society of America - 12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005
Pages1804-1814
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Event12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2005 Nov 62005 Nov 10

Publication series

NameIntelligent Transportation Society of America - 12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005
Volume3

Other

Other12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period05/11/605/11/10

Keywords

  • Homeland security
  • Multiple coordinated incidents
  • Real-time evacuation management
  • Sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications

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  • Cite this

    Hamza-Lup, G. L., Hua, K. A., Peng, R., & Ho, Y. H. (2009). Real-time traffic evacuation management under multiple coordinated human-caused threats. In Intelligent Transportation Society of America - 12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005 (pp. 1804-1814). (Intelligent Transportation Society of America - 12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005; Vol. 3).