Real-time dynamic modeling of hydrogen PEMFCs

Y. H. Hung, P. H. Lin, C. H. Wu, C. W. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A control-oriented dynamic model of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) has been developed in this paper. It aims to generate system dynamics with real-time performance for the micro-chip controller design. A unified bond graph approach was employed that integrates physical and chemical domains in the fuel cell operation, including fluid dynamics, heat transfer, and electrochemistry effects. In this paper, two major bond graphs, one for thermofluids, the other for the electrochemical system, were constructed. They are inter-connected to interpret the highly nonlinear transport and reaction system dynamics. The nonlinear simulation on a personal computer (PC) is about four times faster than the realistic operation. A step response test shows that the start-up time of an example PEMFC is about 5 s from ambient conditions. Further frequency-response test in the operation region shows that the bandwidth is near 2 rad/s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-203
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the Franklin Institute
Volume345
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Fuel Cell
Dynamic Modeling
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Hydrogen
Dynamical systems
Bond Graph
Membrane
Real-time
System Dynamics
Step response
Electrochemistry
Fluid dynamics
Personal computers
Frequency response
Fuel cells
Dynamic models
Step Response
Start-up
Personal Computer
Frequency Response

Keywords

  • Bond graph approach
  • Dynamic modeling
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Real-time dynamic modeling of hydrogen PEMFCs. / Hung, Y. H.; Lin, P. H.; Wu, C. H.; Hong, C. W.

In: Journal of the Franklin Institute, Vol. 345, No. 2, 01.03.2008, p. 182-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hung, Y. H. ; Lin, P. H. ; Wu, C. H. ; Hong, C. W. / Real-time dynamic modeling of hydrogen PEMFCs. In: Journal of the Franklin Institute. 2008 ; Vol. 345, No. 2. pp. 182-203.
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