Ray-Based Exploration of Large Time-Varying Volume Data Using Per-Ray Proxy Distributions

Ko Chih Wang*, Tzu Hsuan Wei, Naeem Shareef, Han Wei Shen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The analysis and visualization of data created from simulations on modern supercomputers is a daunting challenge because the incredible compute power of modern supercomputers allow scientists to generate datasets with very high spatial and temporal resolutions. The limited bandwidth and capacity of networking and storage devices connecting supercomputers to analysis machines become the major bottleneck for data analysis such that simply moving the whole dataset from the supercomputer to a data analysis machine is infeasible. A common approach to visualize high temporal resolution simulation datasets under constrained I/O is to reduce the sampling rate in the temporal domain while preserving the original spatial resolution at the time steps. Data interpolation between the sampled time steps alone may not be a viable option since it may suffer from large errors, especially when using a lower sampling rate. We present a novel ray-based representation storing ray based histograms and depth information that recovers the evolution of volume data between sampled time steps. Our view-dependent proxy allows for a good trade off between compactly representing the time-varying data and leveraging temporal coherence within the data by utilizing interpolation between time steps, ray histograms, depth information, and codebooks. Our approach is able to provide fast rendering in the context of transfer function exploration to support visualization of feature evolution in time-varying data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8727480
Pages (from-to)3299-3313
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Data visualization
  • large data modeling
  • scientific simulation
  • time-varying data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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