Quantized hydrodynamic model and the dynamic structure factor for a trapped Bose gas

Wen Chin Wu, A. Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We quantize the recent hydrodynamic analysis of Stringari for the low-energy collective modes of a trapped Bose gas at T=0. This is based on the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation, but omits the kinetic energy of the density fluctuations. We diagonalize the hydrodynamic Hamiltonian in terms of the normal modes associated with the amplitude and phase of the inhomogeneous Bose order parameter. These normal modes provide a convenient basis for calculating observable quantities. As applications, we calculate the depletion of the condensate at T=0 as well as the inelastic light-scattering cross section S(q,ω) from low-energy condensate fluctuations. The latter involves a sum over all normal modes, with a weight proportional to the square of the q Fourier component of the density fluctuation associated with a given mode. Finally, we show how the Thomas-Fermi hydrodynamic description can be derived starting from the coupled Bogoliubov equations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4204-4212
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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