Qp Structure in the Taiwan Area and Its Correlation to Seismicity

Kuang-Jung Chen, Yih Hsiung Yeh, Chuen Tien Shyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seismic waveform data recorded by the Taiwan Telemetered Seismographic Network (TTSN) were used to deduce the three-dimensional Qp structure beneath Taiwan. The data consist of three-dimensional, digital seismograms of 98 earthquakes with magnitudes between 2.2 and 5.7. The Qp structure was obtained by the damped least-square method from attenuation time values (t*) and travel times. Attenuation time values (t*) were calculated from these events by using a spectral decay technique under the assumption of that t* is independent of frequency. P-wave spectra were corrected for a source spectrum of ω2 model. Least-square fitting was done in the frequency domain of 4 to 25 Hz. Frequencies above 25 Hz are usually avoided due to the uncertainty of instrument correction. Our results show that the distribution pattern of Qp values in the Taiwan area correlate well with the seismicity. In the upper crust (depths of between 0 to 10 km), the lower Qp area is consistent with an area of higher seismicity. However, in the lower crust (10 to 25 km) and upper mantle, the area of higher seismicity is consistent with higher Qp values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-429
Number of pages21
JournalTerrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Attenuation time values
  • Q structure
  • Seismicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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