Principles of Task Design for Conjecturing and Proving

Fou Lai Lin*, Kai Lin Yang, Kyeong Hwa Lee, Michal Tabach, Gabriel Stylianides

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

19 Citations (Scopus)


Principles of task design should have both the fundamental function of a clear relation to the learner’s rules, learning powers or hypothetical learning trajectories and the practical function of easy evaluation of many similar tasks. Drawing on some theories and practical tasks in the literature, we developed a total of 11 principles of task design for learning mathematical conjecturing (4), transiting between conjecturing and proving (2), and proving (5). To further validate the functioning of those principles, more empirical research is encouraged.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew ICMI Study Series
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameNew ICMI Study Series
ISSN (Print)1387-6872
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1745


  • Classroom Community
  • Cognitive Conflict
  • Proof Scheme
  • Prospective Teacher
  • Task Design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)
  • Education


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