Primary teachers' knowledge for teaching ratio and proportion in mathematics: The case of Indonesia

Rooselyna Ekawati, Fou Lai Lin, Kai Lin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, we aimed at examining Indonesian In-Service primary Teachers' Mathematics Content Knowledge (MCK) and Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge (MPCK) for teaching ratio and proportion. The instruments were administered to 271 in-service primary teachers with various education background. There were three underlined factors on MCK and MPCK instrument classified by item analysis and factor analysis. Three teachers' categories (Good, Middle, and Low) were established by cluster analysis methodology. The most teachers' challenge on MCK was figural representation. For MPCK, Indonesian teachers need more opportunity to learn the factor of Knowing students conceptual understanding. The state of teachers' MCK and MPCK and related components are worthy to suggest the design of Indonesian In-service Teachers Professional Development Program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-533
Number of pages21
JournalEurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1



  • Indonesia
  • MCK
  • MPCK
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Teachers' professional development program

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Mathematics

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