Present simulation and future typhoon activity projection over Western North Pacific and Taiwan/East coast of China in 20-km HiRAM climate model

Chih Hua Tsou, Pei Yu Huang, Chia Ying Tu, Cheng Ta Chen, Teng Ping Tzeng, Chao Tzuen Cheng

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A High Resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM) at 20-km resolution is adopted to simulate tropical storm (TS) activity over the western North Pacific (WNP) and Taiwan/East Coast of China (TWCN) at the present time (1979 - 2003) and future climate (2075 - 2099) under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) fifth assessment report (AR5) representative concentration pathway (RCP) 8.5 scenarios. The results show that in contrast to TS simulation activities in most of the low-resolution climate models, TS activities except intensity over the WNP and TWCN region are well simulated by HiRAM at 20-km resolution. The linkage between large-scale environments and TS genesis simulated by HiRAM are dramatically superior to those in low-resolution fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) models. During 2075 - 2099, both TS genesis numbers and TS frequency over the WNP and TWCN are projected to decrease consistent with the IPCC AR5 report. However, the rate of decrease (49%) is much greater than that projected in IPCC AR5. The decrease in TC genesis numbers under global warming is primarily attributed to the reduction in mid-level relative humidity and large-scale ascending motion, despite the warmer sea surface temperature (SST) providing more favorable conditions for TS formation. TS intensity and the maximum precipitation rate are projected to increase under global warming. At the end of the 21st century, the mean precipitation rate within 200 km of TS storm center over the TWCN region is projected to increase by 54%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-703
Number of pages17
JournalTerrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct



  • Future projection
  • Global warming
  • High resolution atmospheric model (HiRAM)
  • Tropical storm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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