Preparation of single-atom tips and their field emission behaviors

Hong Shi Kuo, Ing Shouh Hwang, Tsu-Yi Fu, Yu Chun Lin, Che Cheng Chang, Tien T. Tsong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a simple and reliable method for preparing single-atom tips. Electrochemical techniques are applied to deposit a noble metal film on the W <111> tip. With the protection of the metal film, the tip can be stored and transferred in the ambient condition. After a gentle annealing of the plated tip in vacuum, a thermally and chemically stable nano-pyramid with single atom sharpness can be generated at the tip apex. The atomic structure of the tip is imaged by a field ion microscope (FIM) layer by layer through field evaporation. The corresponding field emission patterns can also be determined by the field emission microscopy (FEM). Most importantly, the single atom sharpness as well as the pyramidal structure can be regenerated for tens of times in vacuum simply by annealing if the apex is accidentally damaged. Field emission measurements indicate that the single-atom tips can emit stable electron beams of high brightness with a small extension angle. These desirable features make the single-atom tips very promising for future applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
Journale-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 17

Fingerprint

Vacuum
Field emission
field emission
Metals
Electrochemical Techniques
Atoms
preparation
atoms
Microscopy
Electrons
Ions
Ion microscopes
Annealing
sharpness
metal films
Precious metals
apexes
Luminance
Electron beams
Microscopic examination

Keywords

  • And electrochemical methods
  • Faceting
  • Field emission
  • Field ion microscopy
  • Single-atom tip

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Preparation of single-atom tips and their field emission behaviors. / Kuo, Hong Shi; Hwang, Ing Shouh; Fu, Tsu-Yi; Lin, Yu Chun; Chang, Che Cheng; Tsong, Tien T.

In: e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology, Vol. 4, 17.02.2006, p. 233-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kuo, Hong Shi ; Hwang, Ing Shouh ; Fu, Tsu-Yi ; Lin, Yu Chun ; Chang, Che Cheng ; Tsong, Tien T. / Preparation of single-atom tips and their field emission behaviors. In: e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology. 2006 ; Vol. 4. pp. 233-238.
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