Positive outcome expectancy mediates the relationship between social influence and Internet addiction among senior high-school students

Min Pei Lin, Jo Yung Wei Wu, Chao Jui Chen, Jianing You

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Based on the foundations of Bandura's social cognitive theory and theory of triadic influence (TTI) theoretical framework, this study was designed to examine the mediating role of positive outcome expectancy of Internet use in the relationship between social influence and Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of senior high-school students in Taiwan. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, 1,922 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling, and a comprehensive survey was administered. Results: Structural equation modeling and bootstrap analyses results showed that IA severity was significantly and positively predicted by social influence, and fully mediated through positive outcome expectancy of Internet use. Discussion and conclusions: The results not only support Bandura's social cognitive theory and TTI framework, but can also serve as a reference to help educational agencies and mental health organizations design programs and create policies that will help in the prevention of IA among adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-300
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Behavioral Addictions
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Internet addiction
  • Positive outcome expectancy of Internet use
  • Social cognitive theory
  • Social influence
  • Theory of triadic influence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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