Playfulness-based design in educational games: A perspective on an evolutionary contest game

Jon Chao Hong, Ming-Yueh Hwang, Chin Hsieh Lu, Ching Ling Cheng, Yu Chen Lee, Chan Li Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Playfulness steering is an emerging approach in educational game design and play. The integration of arithmetical computation, game strategy, and teamwork into one game allows players to interactively "steer" the playfulness and enhance learning. In this paper an evolutionary contest game was designed and implemented to examine the influencial factors. Using action research, focus groups and hermeneutic methods, this study suggest that the playfulness design of an evolutionary game is influenced by the degree of uncertainty and flexibility in decision-making, the level of challenge, equal conditions for fair play, opportunities to compete/cooperate, and the level of interactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-35
Number of pages21
JournalInteractive Learning Environments
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Educational games
  • Evolutionary contest game
  • Playfulness-based design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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