Platinum element group variations at the Permo-Triassic boundary in Kashmir and British Columbia and their significance

M. E. Brookfield, J. G. Shellnutt, Liang Qi, R. Hannigan, G. M. Bhat, P. B. Wignall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The end Permian marks the greatest extinction in the geological record, but there is no consensus on whether it was caused by terrestrial or extraterrestrial factors. Platinum group elements (PGE) can readily separate extraterrestrial from terrestrial sources and the few studies so far (from China and Europe) indicate terrestrial sources for the PGE. We report here detailed PGE analyses of two expanded sections from the late Permian northern and southern hemispheres that allow separate events to be distinguished and confirm a terrestrial source for the PGE. These sources are either contemporaneous seawater or older basaltic volcanics associated with the sections and the PGE were precipitated by a possible combination of development of anoxia in the oceans and post-depositional redistribution. The PGE content in sections at the Permo-Triassic boundary is the result of geochemical and lithological control on metal precipitation that is found in many other black shales throughout geological time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Geology
Volume272
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 1

Fingerprint

platinum group element
Platinum
Triassic
Permian
geological time
anoxia
geological record
Seawater
Southern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
Metals
extinction
seawater
metal
ocean

Keywords

  • Boundary
  • British Columbia
  • Group
  • Kashmir
  • Permo-Triassic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Platinum element group variations at the Permo-Triassic boundary in Kashmir and British Columbia and their significance. / Brookfield, M. E.; Shellnutt, J. G.; Qi, Liang; Hannigan, R.; Bhat, G. M.; Wignall, P. B.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 272, No. 1-4, 01.04.2010, p. 12-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brookfield, M. E. ; Shellnutt, J. G. ; Qi, Liang ; Hannigan, R. ; Bhat, G. M. ; Wignall, P. B. / Platinum element group variations at the Permo-Triassic boundary in Kashmir and British Columbia and their significance. In: Chemical Geology. 2010 ; Vol. 272, No. 1-4. pp. 12-19.
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