Plasmonic circular nanostructure for enhanced light absorption in organic solar cells

Nan-Fu Chiu, Cheng Hung Hou, Chih Jen Cheng, Feng Yu Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study attempts to enhance broadband absorption in advanced plasmonic circular nanostructures (PCN). Experimental results indicate that the concentric circular metallic gratings can enhance broadband optical absorption, due to the structure geometry and the excitation of surface plasmon mode. The interaction between plasmonic enhancement and the absorption characteristics of the organic materials (P3HT:PCBM and PEDOT:PSS) are also examined. According to those results, the organic material's overall optical absorption can be significantly enhanced by up to 51% over that of a planar device. Additionally, organic materials are enhanced to a maximum of 65% for PCN grating pitch = 800 nm. As a result of the PCN's enhancement in optical absorption, incorporation of the PCN into P3HT:PCBM-based organic solar cells (OSCs) significantly improved the performance of the solar cells: short-circuit current increased from 10.125 to 12.249 and power conversion efficiency from 3.2% to 4.99%. Furthermore, optimizing the OSCs architectures further improves the performance of the absorption and PCE enhancement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number502576
JournalInternational Journal of Photoenergy
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 11

Fingerprint

organic materials
electromagnetic absorption
Light absorption
Nanostructures
optical absorption
solar cells
augmentation
Pregnenolone Carbonitrile
gratings
broadband
short circuit currents
Short circuit currents
Conversion efficiency
Solar cells
Geometry
geometry
excitation
Organic solar cells
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Plasmonic circular nanostructure for enhanced light absorption in organic solar cells. / Chiu, Nan-Fu; Hou, Cheng Hung; Cheng, Chih Jen; Tsai, Feng Yu.

In: International Journal of Photoenergy, Vol. 2013, 502576, 11.06.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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