Physical fitness and resting EEG in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An exploratory study

Ching Wen Huang, Chung Ju Huang, Chiao Ling Hung, Chia Hao Shih, Tsung-Min Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by a deviant pattern of brain oscillations during resting state, particularly elevated theta power and increased theta/alpha and theta/beta ratios that are related to cognitive functioning. Physical fitness has been found beneficial to cognitive performance in a wide age population. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and resting-state electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations in children with ADHD. EEG was recorded during eyes-open resting for 28 children (23 boys and 5 girls, 8.66 € 1.10 years) with ADHD, and a battery of physical fitness assessments including flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and agility tests were administered. The results indicated that ADHD children with higher power fitness exhibited a smaller theta/alpha ratio than those with lower power fitness. These findings suggest that power fitness may be associated with improved attentional self-control in children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychophysiology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Executive function
  • Inhibition
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology

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