Physical fitness and resting EEG in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An exploratory study

Ching Wen Huang, Chung Ju Huang, Chiao Ling Hung, Chia Hao Shih, Tsung-Min Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by a deviant pattern of brain oscillations during resting state, particularly elevated theta power and increased theta/alpha and theta/beta ratios that are related to cognitive functioning. Physical fitness has been found beneficial to cognitive performance in a wide age population. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and resting-state electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations in children with ADHD. EEG was recorded during eyes-open resting for 28 children (23 boys and 5 girls, 8.66 € 1.10 years) with ADHD, and a battery of physical fitness assessments including flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and agility tests were administered. The results indicated that ADHD children with higher power fitness exhibited a smaller theta/alpha ratio than those with lower power fitness. These findings suggest that power fitness may be associated with improved attentional self-control in children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychophysiology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Physical Fitness
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Power (Psychology)
Brain
Population

Keywords

  • Executive function
  • Inhibition
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Physical fitness and resting EEG in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder : An exploratory study. / Huang, Ching Wen; Huang, Chung Ju; Hung, Chiao Ling; Shih, Chia Hao; Hong, Tsung-Min.

In: Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 26-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Ching Wen ; Huang, Chung Ju ; Hung, Chiao Ling ; Shih, Chia Hao ; Hong, Tsung-Min. / Physical fitness and resting EEG in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder : An exploratory study. In: Journal of Psychophysiology. 2015 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 26-32.
@article{13b783e19d1c4861a7ab75f5f9042d25,
title = "Physical fitness and resting EEG in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: An exploratory study",
abstract = "Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by a deviant pattern of brain oscillations during resting state, particularly elevated theta power and increased theta/alpha and theta/beta ratios that are related to cognitive functioning. Physical fitness has been found beneficial to cognitive performance in a wide age population. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and resting-state electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations in children with ADHD. EEG was recorded during eyes-open resting for 28 children (23 boys and 5 girls, 8.66 € 1.10 years) with ADHD, and a battery of physical fitness assessments including flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and agility tests were administered. The results indicated that ADHD children with higher power fitness exhibited a smaller theta/alpha ratio than those with lower power fitness. These findings suggest that power fitness may be associated with improved attentional self-control in children with ADHD.",
keywords = "Executive function, Inhibition, Physical activity",
author = "Huang, {Ching Wen} and Huang, {Chung Ju} and Hung, {Chiao Ling} and Shih, {Chia Hao} and Tsung-Min Hong",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1027/0269-8803/a000131",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "26--32",
journal = "Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0269-8803",
publisher = "Hogrefe Publishing",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical fitness and resting EEG in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

T2 - An exploratory study

AU - Huang, Ching Wen

AU - Huang, Chung Ju

AU - Hung, Chiao Ling

AU - Shih, Chia Hao

AU - Hong, Tsung-Min

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by a deviant pattern of brain oscillations during resting state, particularly elevated theta power and increased theta/alpha and theta/beta ratios that are related to cognitive functioning. Physical fitness has been found beneficial to cognitive performance in a wide age population. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and resting-state electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations in children with ADHD. EEG was recorded during eyes-open resting for 28 children (23 boys and 5 girls, 8.66 € 1.10 years) with ADHD, and a battery of physical fitness assessments including flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and agility tests were administered. The results indicated that ADHD children with higher power fitness exhibited a smaller theta/alpha ratio than those with lower power fitness. These findings suggest that power fitness may be associated with improved attentional self-control in children with ADHD.

AB - Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by a deviant pattern of brain oscillations during resting state, particularly elevated theta power and increased theta/alpha and theta/beta ratios that are related to cognitive functioning. Physical fitness has been found beneficial to cognitive performance in a wide age population. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and resting-state electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations in children with ADHD. EEG was recorded during eyes-open resting for 28 children (23 boys and 5 girls, 8.66 € 1.10 years) with ADHD, and a battery of physical fitness assessments including flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and agility tests were administered. The results indicated that ADHD children with higher power fitness exhibited a smaller theta/alpha ratio than those with lower power fitness. These findings suggest that power fitness may be associated with improved attentional self-control in children with ADHD.

KW - Executive function

KW - Inhibition

KW - Physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84921976081&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84921976081&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1027/0269-8803/a000131

DO - 10.1027/0269-8803/a000131

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84921976081

VL - 29

SP - 26

EP - 32

JO - Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0269-8803

IS - 1

ER -