Photonic band gap structure for a ferroelectric photonic crystal at microwave frequencies

Tzu Chyang King, De Xin Chen, Wei Cheng Lin, Chien Jang Wu

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    Abstract

    In this work, the photonic band gap (PBG) structure in a one-dimensional ferroelectric photonic crystal (PC) is theoretically investigated. We consider a PC, air/(AB)N/air, in which layer A is a dielectric of MgO and layer B is taken to be a ferroelectric of Ba0.55Sr0.45TiO3 (BSTO). With an extremely high value in the dielectric constant in BSTO, the calculated photonic band structure at microwave frequencies exhibits some interesting features that are significantly different from those in a usual dielectric-dielectric PC. First, the photonic transmission band consists of multiple and nearly discrete transmission peaks. Second, the calculated bandwidth of the PBG is nearly unchanged as the angle of incidence varies in the TE wave. The bandwidth will slightly reduce for the TM mode. Thus, a wide omnidirectional PBG can be obtained. Additionally, the effect of the thickness of the ferroelectric layer on the PBG is much more pronounced compared to the dielectric layer thickness. That is, the increase of ferroelectric thickness can significantly decrease the PBG bandwidth.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8738-8741
    Number of pages4
    JournalApplied Optics
    Volume54
    Issue number29
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 10

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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