Photometry of 2006 RH120: An asteroid temporary captured into a geocentric orbit

T. Kwiatkowski, A. Kryszczyńska, M. Polińska, D. A.H. Buckley, D. O'Donoghue, P. A. Charles, L. Crause, S. Crawford, Y. Hashimoto, A. Kniazev, N. Loaring, E. Romero Colmenero, R. Sefako, M. Still, P. Vaisanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    36 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aims. From July 2006 to July 2007 a very small asteroid orbited the Earth within its Hill sphere. We used this opportunity to study its rotation and estimate its diameter and shape. Methods. Due to its faintness, 2006 RH 120 was observed photometrically with the new 10-m SALT telescope at the SAAO (South Africa). We obtained data on four nights: 11, 15, 16, and 17 March 2007 when the solar phase angle remained almost constant at 74°. The observations lasted about an hour each night and the object was exposed for 7-10 s through the "clear" filter. Results. From the lightcurves obtained on three nights we derived two solutions for a synodical period of rotation: P1 = 1.375 ± 0.001 min and P2 = 2.750 ± 0.002 min. The available data are not sufficient to choose between them. The absolute magnitude of the object was found to be H = 29.9 ± 0.3 mag (with the assumed slope parameter G = 0.25) and its effective diameter D = 2-7 m, depending on the geometric albedo pV (with the most typical near-Earth asteroids albedo pV = 0.18 its diameter would be D = 3.3 ± 0.4 m). The body has an elongated shape with the a/b ratio greater than 1.4. It probably originates in low-eccentricity Amor or Apollo orbits. There is still a possibility, which needs further investigation, that it is a typical near-Earth asteroid that survived the aerobraking in the Earth's atmosphere and returned to a heliocentric orbit similar to that of the Earth.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)967-974
    Number of pages8
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume495
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 1

    Keywords

    • Minor planets, asteroids
    • Techniques: photometric

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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