Petrogenesis of Late Permian silicic rocks of Tu Le basin and Phan Si Pan uplift (NW Vietnam) and their association with the Emeishan large igneous province

Trong Hoa Tran, Ching Ying Lan, Tadashi Usuki, J. Gregory Shellnutt, Thi Dung Pham, Tuan Anh Tran, Ngoc Can Pham, Thi Phuong Ngo, A. E. Izokh, A. S. Borisenko

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Major and trace elements and whole rock Sr-Nd isotope data of Late Permian silicic plutonic and volcanic rocks from the Phan Si Pan-Tu Le region in NW Vietnam were collected in order to establish their petrogenetic relationship with the magmatic rocks of the Song Da zone (NW Vietnam) and the alkaline silicic rocks of the Panxi area of the Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP) in SW China. The granites and rhyolites have geochemical characteristics of anorogenic granites (e.g. high Fe# and high Ga/Al) and are further subdivided based on mineralogy. The Phu Sa Phin and Muong Hum granites contain sodic to sodic-calcic amphiboles and sodic pyroxene, while the Phan Si Pan granite does not. The Phu Sa Phin and Muong Hum granites occasionally show peralkaline to metaluminous compositions, while the Phan Si Pan granites and the Tu Le rhyolites have metaluminous to peraluminous compositions. The chondrite-normalized REE patterns [(La/Yb). N=. 3.6-51.3, (Gd/Yb). N=. 1.4-3.4] and the primitive mantle-normalized spidergrams (enrichment in high field strength elements) are similar to those of the Song Da silicic rocks and the Panzhihua and Taihe granites in the Panxi area. Rhyolite-MELTS modeling suggest that the silicic magmas were likely generated by fractionation of the Song Da high-Ti basalts. The εNd(. t) values range from weakly negative to moderately positive values (-2.2 to +2.2), suggesting the silicic rocks may be assimilated by basement rocks during magma emplacement. Permian magmatic rocks in the Phan Si Pan-Tu Le region are petrologically, geochemically and geochronologically comparable to those of the inner zone of ELIP. Although Permian lithospheric mantle and lower crustal structure of the Phan Si Pan-Tu Le region may be destroyed by a lithospheric removal in response to Cenozoic India-Eurasia collision, our results along with recent geophysical analyses in NW Vietnam suggest that the upper to middle crust of Phan Si Pan-Tu Le region represent a remnant upper to middle crust of inner zone of ELIP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1



  • A-type granite
  • Emeishan large igneous province
  • Geochemistry
  • NW vietnam
  • Phan si pan-tu le region
  • Sr-Nd isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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