Perspectives on professional values among nurses in Taiwan

Fu Jin Shih, Yaw Sheng Lin, Marlaine C. Smith, Yiing Mei Liou, Hsien Hsien Chiang, Szu-Hsien Lee, Meei Ling Gau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. The purpose of this study was to identify the most important contemporary professional nursing values for nursing clinicians and educators in Taiwan. Background. Nursing values are constructed by members of political and social systems, including professional nursing organisations and educational institutions. Nurses' personal value systems shape the development of these professional values. An understanding of nurses' perceptions of professional values will enable the profession to examine consistencies with those reflected in existing and emerging educational and practice environments. Design. A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using the focus-group discussion method. Methods. A purposive sample of 300 registered nurses in Taiwan, consisting of 270 nursing clinicians and 30 faculty members, participated in 22 focus-group interviews. Data were analysed using a systematic process of content analysis. Results. Six prominent values related to professional nursing were identified: (a) caring for clients with a humanistic spirit; (b) providing professionally competent and holistic care; (c) fostering growth and discovering the meaning of life; (d) experiencing the 'give-and-take' of caring for others; (e) receiving fair compensation; and (f) raising the public's awareness of health promotion. Four background contexts framed the way participants viewed the appropriation of these values: (a) appraising nursing values through multiple perspectives; (b) acquiring nursing values through self-realisation; (c) recognising nursing values through professional competency and humanistic concerns and (d) fulfilling nursing values through coexisting self-actualisation. A conceptual framework was developed to represent this phenomenon. Conclusion. The most important professional nursing values according to the perspectives of nurses in Taiwan were identified. These values reflect benefits to society, to nurses themselves and to the interdisciplinary team. Relevance to clinical practice. Nurses' awareness of their own values and of how these values influence their behaviour is an essential component of humanistic nursing care. Nursing educators need to develop better strategies for reflection and integration of both personal and professional philosophies and values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1480-1489
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May 1

Fingerprint

Taiwan
Nursing
Nurses
Focus Groups
Political Systems
Foster Home Care
Nursing Care
Health Promotion
Public Health
Interviews

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Nurses
  • Nursing
  • Qualitative
  • Taiwan
  • Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Shih, F. J., Lin, Y. S., Smith, M. C., Liou, Y. M., Chiang, H. H., Lee, S-H., & Gau, M. L. (2009). Perspectives on professional values among nurses in Taiwan. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18(10), 1480-1489. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02728.x

Perspectives on professional values among nurses in Taiwan. / Shih, Fu Jin; Lin, Yaw Sheng; Smith, Marlaine C.; Liou, Yiing Mei; Chiang, Hsien Hsien; Lee, Szu-Hsien; Gau, Meei Ling.

In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 10, 01.05.2009, p. 1480-1489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shih, FJ, Lin, YS, Smith, MC, Liou, YM, Chiang, HH, Lee, S-H & Gau, ML 2009, 'Perspectives on professional values among nurses in Taiwan', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1480-1489. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2008.02728.x
Shih, Fu Jin ; Lin, Yaw Sheng ; Smith, Marlaine C. ; Liou, Yiing Mei ; Chiang, Hsien Hsien ; Lee, Szu-Hsien ; Gau, Meei Ling. / Perspectives on professional values among nurses in Taiwan. In: Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2009 ; Vol. 18, No. 10. pp. 1480-1489.
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