Personalized integrated educational system: Technology functions for the learner-centered paradigm of education

Charles M. Reigeluth*, Sinem Aslan, Zengguan Chen, Pratima Dutta, Yeol Huh, Dabae Lee, Chun Yi Lin, Ya Huei Lu, Mina Min, Verily Tan, Sunnie Lee Watson, William R. Watson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The learner-centered paradigm of instruction differs in such fundamental ways from the teacher-centered paradigm that it requires technology to serve very different functions. In 2006, a research team at Indiana University began to work on identifying those functions and published their results in 2008. Subsequently, the team elaborated and refined those functional specifications, which are described herein as the Personalized Integrated Educational System (PIES), a technology system that has not yet been developed to support learner-centered education. The four major functions are recordkeeping for student learning, planning for student learning, instruction for student learning, and assessment for and of student learning. Secondary functions include communication and collaboration, PIES administration, and improvement of PIES. Each of these functions is described in detail, followed by specifications for the system architecture, including interoperability, modularity, and customizability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-496
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes


  • intelligent tutoring systems
  • interactive learning environments
  • interdisciplinary projects
  • multimedia or hypermedia systems
  • pedagogical issues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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