Permian peralkaline, peraluminous and metaluminous A-type granites in the Panxi district, SW China: Their relationship to the Emeishan mantle plume

J.g  Shellnutt, Mei Fu Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

199 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous Permian granitic intrusions (plutons) in the Panxi region, SW China are spatially and temporally associated with the Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP). Granites from the 260 Ma Panzhihua and Taihe plutons are peralkaline (ASI = 0.76-1.12; Na + K/Al = 0.78-1.2) and have high Fe* values (0.92-0.99) with negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.22-0.98). Contrasted with the peralkaline plutons, syenites from the 260 Ma Woshui pluton are metaluminous (ASI = 0.84-1.0; Na + K/Al = 0.91-1.01) and have moderately high Fe* (0.79-0.81) and positive Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.82-1.91). Both the peralkaline and metaluminous rocks have mantle isotopic signatures (εNd(T) = + 1.3-+ 3.2) and were derived from the ELIP mantle plume source. The peralkaline rocks were likely derived by fractional crystallization of the temporally, spatially and chemically associated layered mafic intrusions which host giant magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits. The metaluminous granitic rocks, although spatially related to the peralkaline granites and layered gabbros were likely generated by partial melting of underplated mafic rocks. Granites from the 251 Ma Ailanghe pluton are peraluminous (ASI = 0.97-1.29) and have high Fe* (0.82-0.91) values and negative Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.10-0.37). Their crustal isotopic signature (εNd(T) = - 5.7 to - 6.7) indicates possible derivation from melting of Yangtze Block basement rocks. The Ailanghe pluton is contemporaneous with other A-type granites in the region, supporting the view that ELIP magmatism was sporadic for at least 9 million years. The coexistence of three chemically exclusive A-type granites in the ELIP suggests that a variety of A-type granites can be generated in the same tectonic setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-316
Number of pages31
JournalChemical Geology
Volume243
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 15

Fingerprint

mantle plume
pluton
large igneous province
Permian
Rocks
anomaly
Melting
peralkaline rock
Tectonics
Crystallization
Oxides
basement rock
mafic rock
fractional crystallization
tectonic setting
rock
Deposits
coexistence
partial melting
magmatism

Keywords

  • A-type
  • Emeishan large igneous province
  • Metaluminous
  • Peralkaline
  • Peraluminous
  • SW China

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

@article{909bc180f4b044b48c552fd010952180,
title = "Permian peralkaline, peraluminous and metaluminous A-type granites in the Panxi district, SW China: Their relationship to the Emeishan mantle plume",
abstract = "Numerous Permian granitic intrusions (plutons) in the Panxi region, SW China are spatially and temporally associated with the Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP). Granites from the 260 Ma Panzhihua and Taihe plutons are peralkaline (ASI = 0.76-1.12; Na + K/Al = 0.78-1.2) and have high Fe* values (0.92-0.99) with negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.22-0.98). Contrasted with the peralkaline plutons, syenites from the 260 Ma Woshui pluton are metaluminous (ASI = 0.84-1.0; Na + K/Al = 0.91-1.01) and have moderately high Fe* (0.79-0.81) and positive Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.82-1.91). Both the peralkaline and metaluminous rocks have mantle isotopic signatures (εNd(T) = + 1.3-+ 3.2) and were derived from the ELIP mantle plume source. The peralkaline rocks were likely derived by fractional crystallization of the temporally, spatially and chemically associated layered mafic intrusions which host giant magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits. The metaluminous granitic rocks, although spatially related to the peralkaline granites and layered gabbros were likely generated by partial melting of underplated mafic rocks. Granites from the 251 Ma Ailanghe pluton are peraluminous (ASI = 0.97-1.29) and have high Fe* (0.82-0.91) values and negative Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.10-0.37). Their crustal isotopic signature (εNd(T) = - 5.7 to - 6.7) indicates possible derivation from melting of Yangtze Block basement rocks. The Ailanghe pluton is contemporaneous with other A-type granites in the region, supporting the view that ELIP magmatism was sporadic for at least 9 million years. The coexistence of three chemically exclusive A-type granites in the ELIP suggests that a variety of A-type granites can be generated in the same tectonic setting.",
keywords = "A-type, Emeishan large igneous province, Metaluminous, Peralkaline, Peraluminous, SW China",
author = "J.g  Shellnutt and Zhou, {Mei Fu}",
year = "2007",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.05.022",
language = "English",
volume = "243",
pages = "286--316",
journal = "Chemical Geology",
issn = "0009-2541",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Permian peralkaline, peraluminous and metaluminous A-type granites in the Panxi district, SW China

T2 - Their relationship to the Emeishan mantle plume

AU -  Shellnutt, J.g

AU - Zhou, Mei Fu

PY - 2007/9/15

Y1 - 2007/9/15

N2 - Numerous Permian granitic intrusions (plutons) in the Panxi region, SW China are spatially and temporally associated with the Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP). Granites from the 260 Ma Panzhihua and Taihe plutons are peralkaline (ASI = 0.76-1.12; Na + K/Al = 0.78-1.2) and have high Fe* values (0.92-0.99) with negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.22-0.98). Contrasted with the peralkaline plutons, syenites from the 260 Ma Woshui pluton are metaluminous (ASI = 0.84-1.0; Na + K/Al = 0.91-1.01) and have moderately high Fe* (0.79-0.81) and positive Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.82-1.91). Both the peralkaline and metaluminous rocks have mantle isotopic signatures (εNd(T) = + 1.3-+ 3.2) and were derived from the ELIP mantle plume source. The peralkaline rocks were likely derived by fractional crystallization of the temporally, spatially and chemically associated layered mafic intrusions which host giant magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits. The metaluminous granitic rocks, although spatially related to the peralkaline granites and layered gabbros were likely generated by partial melting of underplated mafic rocks. Granites from the 251 Ma Ailanghe pluton are peraluminous (ASI = 0.97-1.29) and have high Fe* (0.82-0.91) values and negative Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.10-0.37). Their crustal isotopic signature (εNd(T) = - 5.7 to - 6.7) indicates possible derivation from melting of Yangtze Block basement rocks. The Ailanghe pluton is contemporaneous with other A-type granites in the region, supporting the view that ELIP magmatism was sporadic for at least 9 million years. The coexistence of three chemically exclusive A-type granites in the ELIP suggests that a variety of A-type granites can be generated in the same tectonic setting.

AB - Numerous Permian granitic intrusions (plutons) in the Panxi region, SW China are spatially and temporally associated with the Emeishan large igneous province (ELIP). Granites from the 260 Ma Panzhihua and Taihe plutons are peralkaline (ASI = 0.76-1.12; Na + K/Al = 0.78-1.2) and have high Fe* values (0.92-0.99) with negative Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.22-0.98). Contrasted with the peralkaline plutons, syenites from the 260 Ma Woshui pluton are metaluminous (ASI = 0.84-1.0; Na + K/Al = 0.91-1.01) and have moderately high Fe* (0.79-0.81) and positive Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.82-1.91). Both the peralkaline and metaluminous rocks have mantle isotopic signatures (εNd(T) = + 1.3-+ 3.2) and were derived from the ELIP mantle plume source. The peralkaline rocks were likely derived by fractional crystallization of the temporally, spatially and chemically associated layered mafic intrusions which host giant magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits. The metaluminous granitic rocks, although spatially related to the peralkaline granites and layered gabbros were likely generated by partial melting of underplated mafic rocks. Granites from the 251 Ma Ailanghe pluton are peraluminous (ASI = 0.97-1.29) and have high Fe* (0.82-0.91) values and negative Eu-anomalies (Eu/Eu* = 0.10-0.37). Their crustal isotopic signature (εNd(T) = - 5.7 to - 6.7) indicates possible derivation from melting of Yangtze Block basement rocks. The Ailanghe pluton is contemporaneous with other A-type granites in the region, supporting the view that ELIP magmatism was sporadic for at least 9 million years. The coexistence of three chemically exclusive A-type granites in the ELIP suggests that a variety of A-type granites can be generated in the same tectonic setting.

KW - A-type

KW - Emeishan large igneous province

KW - Metaluminous

KW - Peralkaline

KW - Peraluminous

KW - SW China

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34447621035&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34447621035&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.05.022

DO - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.05.022

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34447621035

VL - 243

SP - 286

EP - 316

JO - Chemical Geology

JF - Chemical Geology

SN - 0009-2541

IS - 3-4

ER -