Performance evaluation on vacuum pumps using nanolubricants

Yeou Feng Lue, Yu Chun Hsu, Tun Ping Teng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This study produced alumina (Al2O3) nanovacuum-pump lubricants (NVALs) by involving the dispersion of Al2O3 nanoparticles in a vacuum-pump lubricant (VAL) with oleic as a dispersant. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the suspension performance, thermal conductivity, viscosity, specific heat, tribological performance and vacuum-pump performance of the NVALs. The experimental results obtained from the vacuum-pump performance tests show that the NVALs with Al2O3 concentration of 0.2 wt.% and oleic concentration of 0.025 wt.% yielded the lowest electricity consumption, conserving 2.39% of electricity compared with the VAL. No marked difference was observed between the temperatures of the vacuum pump using VAL and NVAL. Furthermore, evacuation (i.e., the minimal pressure of -99.5 kPa) was reached faster by the vacuum pump with the NVALs, and the evacuation time could be reduced by 4.91% under optimal conditions. In addition, the vacuum pump with the NVALs exhibited superior overall effectiveness under relatively lower ambient temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4275-4283
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sept 1


  • Alumina (AlO)
  • Electricity consumption
  • Nanovacuum-pump lubricants (NVALs)
  • Tribological performance
  • Vacuum pump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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