Perceived Parental Control, Self-Criticism, and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Among Adolescents: Testing the Reciprocal Relationships by a Three-Wave Cross-Lag Model

Jianing You, Yongqiang Jiang, Mingqin Zhang, Chao Du, Min Pei Lin, Freedom Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the prospective and reciprocal relationships among perceived parental control, self-criticism, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We also examined the mediating effect of self-criticism in the relationship between perceived parental control and NSSI. We aimed to find out whether perceived parental control and self-criticism acted as risk factors for NSSI, or consequences of NSSI, or both. A group of 3,600 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 14.63 years, 56.6% female) completed questionnaires, with measures assessing NSSI, self-criticism, and parental control. A cross-lag model was used to test the reciprocal relationships among variables at 3 time points with 6-month intervals. Perceived parental control and self-criticism did not reliably predict later NSSI, but NSSI predicted later perceived parental control and self-criticism. Findings of this study emphasize the adverse effects of NSSI, and shed light on the intervention efforts of this behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-391
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 3



  • adolescents
  • cross-lag model
  • nonsuicidal self-injury
  • perceived parental control
  • self-criticism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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