Optimizing the Lithium Phosphorus Oxynitride Protective Layer Thickness on Low-Grade Composite Si-Based Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Chih Jung Chen, Tatsuhiro Mori, Anirudha Jena, Hung Yu Lin, Nai Hsuan Yang, Nae Lih Wu, Ho Chang, Shu Fen Hu, Ru Shi Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composite materials containing Si as a component, are growing importance in the field of Li-ion battery due to their extremely high theoretical capacity (3500 mAh g−1 at room temperature). However, the capacity of Si anode material decays dramatically because of serious volume variation during lithiation and delithiation process, which lead to deformation of Si electrode and resulted in poor cycle performance. In the present work, we have reported improved performance of modified Si electrode as an anode in Li-ion battery. Si obtained from kerf-loss slurry have been alloyed with Ni nanoparticles to improve its conductivity. A mechanistic study of the deposition of LiPON with respect to deposition pressure also presented. It is seen that LiPON layer serves as a protective layer with high ionic conductivity (1.38×10−6 S cm−1) to improve the electrochemical activity of Si−Ni electrode. The optimal 1st charge capacity of LiPON modified- Si−Ni composite was 915 mAh g−1 at a current density of 50 mA g−1 in a potential window of 1.2 V to 0.005 V. The charge capacity retained 56.2% of the initial cycle after 90th cycling measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-735
Number of pages7
JournalChemistrySelect
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Kerf-loss silicon
  • LiPON coating
  • Rechargeable Li-ion battery
  • Solid electrolyte
  • Sputtering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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