Ontology-based prediction of compound relations — A study based on SUMO

Jia Fei Hong, Xiang Bing Li, Chu Ren Huang

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the interaction between conceptual structure and morpho-syntax. In particular, we show that ontology-based conceptual classification can be used to predict internal relations in compounds. We propose an ontology-based approach to predict the semantic relation between the two component words in Mandarin VV compounds. A Mandarin VV compound is classified according to the eventive relation between the two simplex verbs. These relations specify how the eventive meanings of the two simplex verbs combine to form the meaning of the compound. The three types of eventive relations that we deal with in this paper are: coordinate, modificational, and resultative. Since the way in which two events combine with each other depends upon their event types, we hypothesize that the eventive relations can be predicted by the conceptual classified event types of the two simplex verbs. An approach of ontology-based prediction is proposed based on this hypothesis. The assignment of ontology classification for each simplex verb is based on SUMO and Sinica BOW. The correlation between the ontology class of each verb position and each eventive type is trained and scored based on a manually tagged lexical database. We encode the ontology information of each VV compound in a 3-tuple based on these correlation scores. This 3-tuple is represented as a three-dimensional vector and used to predict the eventive type of new VV compounds. Our classification experiment on unknown VV compounds yields good recall and precision.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
Event18th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation, PACLIC 2004 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 2004 Dec 82004 Dec 10


Conference18th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation, PACLIC 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Information Systems


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