One-loop effect of null-like cosmology's holographic dual super-Yang-Mills

Feng Li Lin, Dan Tomino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We calculate the 1-loop effect in super-Yang-Mills which preserves 1/4-supersymmetries and is holographically dual to the null-like cosmology with a big-bang singularity. Though the bosonic and fermionic spectra do not agree precisely, we do obtain vanishing 1-loop vacuum energy for generic warped plane-wave type backgrounds with a big-bang singularity. Moreover, we find that the cosmological "constant" contributed either by bosons or fermions is time-dependent. The issues about the particle production of some background and about the UV structure are also commented. We argue that the effective higher derivative interactions are suppressed as long as the Fourier transform of the time-dependent coupling is UV-finite. Our result holds for scalar configurations that are BPS but with arbitrary time-dependence. This suggests the existence of non-renormalization theorem for such a new class of time-dependent theories. Altogether, it implies that such a super-Yang-Mills is scale-invariant, and that its dual bulk quantum gravity might behave regularly near the big bang.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2007
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar 1

Fingerprint

cosmology
particle production
time dependence
supersymmetry
plane waves
bosons
theorems
fermions
gravitation
scalars
vacuum
configurations
interactions
energy

Keywords

  • Ads-cft correspondence
  • M(atrix) theories
  • Penrose limit and pp-wave background

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

One-loop effect of null-like cosmology's holographic dual super-Yang-Mills. / Lin, Feng Li; Tomino, Dan.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2007, No. 3, 01.03.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2768b9676b404fed8ba123d791c2b05e,
title = "One-loop effect of null-like cosmology's holographic dual super-Yang-Mills",
abstract = "We calculate the 1-loop effect in super-Yang-Mills which preserves 1/4-supersymmetries and is holographically dual to the null-like cosmology with a big-bang singularity. Though the bosonic and fermionic spectra do not agree precisely, we do obtain vanishing 1-loop vacuum energy for generic warped plane-wave type backgrounds with a big-bang singularity. Moreover, we find that the cosmological {"}constant{"} contributed either by bosons or fermions is time-dependent. The issues about the particle production of some background and about the UV structure are also commented. We argue that the effective higher derivative interactions are suppressed as long as the Fourier transform of the time-dependent coupling is UV-finite. Our result holds for scalar configurations that are BPS but with arbitrary time-dependence. This suggests the existence of non-renormalization theorem for such a new class of time-dependent theories. Altogether, it implies that such a super-Yang-Mills is scale-invariant, and that its dual bulk quantum gravity might behave regularly near the big bang.",
keywords = "Ads-cft correspondence, M(atrix) theories, Penrose limit and pp-wave background",
author = "Lin, {Feng Li} and Dan Tomino",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "2007",
journal = "Journal of High Energy Physics",
issn = "1126-6708",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - One-loop effect of null-like cosmology's holographic dual super-Yang-Mills

AU - Lin, Feng Li

AU - Tomino, Dan

PY - 2007/3/1

Y1 - 2007/3/1

N2 - We calculate the 1-loop effect in super-Yang-Mills which preserves 1/4-supersymmetries and is holographically dual to the null-like cosmology with a big-bang singularity. Though the bosonic and fermionic spectra do not agree precisely, we do obtain vanishing 1-loop vacuum energy for generic warped plane-wave type backgrounds with a big-bang singularity. Moreover, we find that the cosmological "constant" contributed either by bosons or fermions is time-dependent. The issues about the particle production of some background and about the UV structure are also commented. We argue that the effective higher derivative interactions are suppressed as long as the Fourier transform of the time-dependent coupling is UV-finite. Our result holds for scalar configurations that are BPS but with arbitrary time-dependence. This suggests the existence of non-renormalization theorem for such a new class of time-dependent theories. Altogether, it implies that such a super-Yang-Mills is scale-invariant, and that its dual bulk quantum gravity might behave regularly near the big bang.

AB - We calculate the 1-loop effect in super-Yang-Mills which preserves 1/4-supersymmetries and is holographically dual to the null-like cosmology with a big-bang singularity. Though the bosonic and fermionic spectra do not agree precisely, we do obtain vanishing 1-loop vacuum energy for generic warped plane-wave type backgrounds with a big-bang singularity. Moreover, we find that the cosmological "constant" contributed either by bosons or fermions is time-dependent. The issues about the particle production of some background and about the UV structure are also commented. We argue that the effective higher derivative interactions are suppressed as long as the Fourier transform of the time-dependent coupling is UV-finite. Our result holds for scalar configurations that are BPS but with arbitrary time-dependence. This suggests the existence of non-renormalization theorem for such a new class of time-dependent theories. Altogether, it implies that such a super-Yang-Mills is scale-invariant, and that its dual bulk quantum gravity might behave regularly near the big bang.

KW - Ads-cft correspondence

KW - M(atrix) theories

KW - Penrose limit and pp-wave background

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349243463&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349243463&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:70349243463

VL - 2007

JO - Journal of High Energy Physics

JF - Journal of High Energy Physics

SN - 1126-6708

IS - 3

ER -