OGLE-2008-BLG-510: First automated real-time detection of a weak microlensing anomaly - brown dwarf or stellar binary?

V. Bozza, M. Dominik, N. J. Rattenbury, U. G. Jørgensen, Y. Tsapras, D. M. Bramich, A. Udalski, I. A. Bond, C. Liebig, A. Cassan, P. Fouqué, A. Fukui, M. Hundertmark, I. G. Shin, S. H. Lee, J. Y. Choi, S. Y. Park, A. Gould, A. Allan, S. MaoWyrzykowski, R. A. Street, D. Buckley, T. Nagayama, M. Mathiasen, T. C. Hinse, S. Calchi Novati, K. Harpsøe, L. Mancini, G. Scarpetta, T. Anguita, M. J. Burgdorf, K. Horne, A. Hornstrup, N. Kains, E. Kerins, P. Kjærgaard, G. Masi, S. Rahvar, D. Ricci, C. Snodgrass, J. Southworth, I. A. Steele, J. Surdej, C. C. Thöne, J. Wambsganss, M. Zub, M. D. Albrow, V. Batista, J. P. Beaulieu, D. P. Bennett, J. A.R. Caldwell, A. A. Cole, K. H. Cook, C. Coutures, S. Dieters, D. Dominis Prester, J. Donatowicz, J. Greenhill, S. R. Kane, D. Kubas, J. B. Marquette, R. Martin, J. Menzies, K. R. Pollard, K. C. Sahu, A. Williams, M. K. Szymański, M. Kubiak, G. Pietrzyński, I. Soszyński, R. Poleski, K. Ulaczyk, D. L. Depoy, Subo Dong, C. Han, J. Janczak, C. U. Lee, R. W. Pogge, F. Abe, K. Furusawa, J. B. Hearnshaw, Y. Itow, P. M. Kilmartin, A. V. Korpela, W. Lin, C. H. Ling, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, N. Miyake, Y. Muraki, K. Ohnishi, Y. C. Perrott, To Saito, L. Skuljan, D. J. Sullivan, T. Sumi, D. Suzuki, W. L. Sweatman, P. J. Tristram, K. Wada, P. C.M. Yock, A. Gulbis, Y. Hashimoto, A. Kniazev, P. Vaisanen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The microlensing event OGLE-2008-BLG-510 is characterized by an evident asymmetric shape of the peak, promptly detected by the Automated Robotic Terrestrial Exoplanet Microlensing Search (ARTEMiS) system in real time. The skewness of the light curve appears to be compatible both with binary-lens and binary-source models, including the possibility that the lens system consists of an M dwarf orbited by a brown dwarf. The detection of this microlensing anomaly and our analysis demonstrate that: (1) automated real-time detection of weak microlensing anomalies with immediate feedback is feasible, efficient and sensitive, (2) rather common weak features intrinsically come with ambiguities that are not easily resolved from photometric light curves, (3) a modelling approach that finds all features of parameter space rather than just the 'favourite model' is required and (4) the data quality is most crucial, where systematics can be confused with real features, in particular small higher order effects such as orbital motion signatures. It moreover becomes apparent that events with weak signatures are a silver mine for statistical studies, although not easy to exploit. Clues about the apparent paucity of both brown-dwarf companions and binary-source microlensing events might hide here.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)902-918
    Number of pages17
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Volume424
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

    Keywords

    • Gravitational lensing: micro
    • Planetary systems

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

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