We experimentally verified that anisotropic Hermite-Gaussian modes can be generated from a hemi-cylindrical laser cavity and can be transformed into high-order Laguerre-Gaussian modes using an extra-cavity cylindrical lens. We further combined the Huygens integral and the ABCD law to clearly demonstrate the transformation along the propagation direction. By controlling the pump offset and the pump size in hemicylindrical cavities, we experimentally observed the unique laser patterns that displayed the optical waves related to the coherent superposition of Laguerre-Gaussian modes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics