NNMA: An effective memetic algorithm for solving multiobjective permutation flow shop scheduling problems

Tsung Che Chiang, Hsueh Chien Cheng, Li Chen Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)


The permutation flow shop scheduling problem is addressed in this paper. Two objectives, minimization of makespan and total flow time, are considered. We propose a memetic algorithm, called NNMA, by integrating a general multiobjective evolutionary algorithm (NSGA-II) with a problem-specific heuristic (NEH). We take NEH as a local improving procedure in NNMA and propose several adaptations including the acceptance criterion and job-insertion ordering to deal with multiple objectives and to improve its performance. We test the performance of NNMA using 90 public problem instances with different problem scales, and compare its performance with 23 algorithms. The experimental results show that our NNMA provides close performance for 30 small-scale instances and better performance for 50 medium- and large-scale instances. Furthermore, more than 70% of the net set of non-dominated solutions is updated by NNMA for these 50 instances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5986-5999
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1



  • Makespan
  • Memetic algorithm
  • Multiobjective optimization
  • NEH heuristic
  • Permutation flow shop scheduling
  • Total flow time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this