New MOF based on lithium tetrahydrofuran-2,3,4,5-tetracarboxylate: Its structure and conductivity behavior

Vitezslav Zima*, Deepak S. Patil, Duraisamy Senthil Raja, Ting Guang Chang, Chia Her Lin, Koichi Shimakawa, Tomas Wagner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


A novel metal-organic framework, [Li6(HTFTA)2(H 2O)3]·3H2O (LiTFTA, H4TFTA is tetrahydrofuran-2,3,4,5-tetracarboxylic acid), has been synthesized under solvothermal conditions and its structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. It has six different LiO4 tetrahedra which forms two kinds of tetranuclear clusters that are coordinated to the ligands and form an overall three-dimensional structure with channels running along the crystallographic a axis. Some of the carboxylate groups of the ligand moiety jut out into the channels and the channels are occupied by water molecules. The proton conductivity behavior of LiTFTA with respect to temperature and relative humidity was analyzed by our newly developed impedance data analysis method called a random-walk approach. The results were compared with the data obtained by an analysis using an equivalent electric circuit model. Based on the physical parameters obtained by the random-walk method and the known structure we suggested the mechanism of the proton conductivity in this material. The proton conduction proceeds most probably by a vehicle conduction mechanism which employs mainly water molecules of crystallization present in the channels of LiTFTA. The value of the diffusion coefficient increases with temperature whereas the number of charge carriers remains constant. On the other hand, both the number of charge carriers and diffusion coefficient increase with increasing relative humidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Impedance
  • Lithium
  • Metal organic framework
  • Proton conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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