National project on 45 to 32 nm metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors for next century IC fabrications

Huey Liang Hwang, C. W. Wang, K. H. Chang, C. H. Tsai, K. C. Leou, Kuei Shu Chang-Liao, Chun Chang Lu, S. C. Chang, C. H. Liu, Albert Chin, Kow Ming Chang, Bwo Ning Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is well known that the Taiwan Semiconductor industries play the very key roles for the worldwide IC foundry, and the advanced research of nanoelectronics is the lifeline for its long term developments. Professor Huey-liang Hwang effectively integrated the most outstanding research team and resource in Taiwan on the National Project on Nanometer CMOS Transistors for the 21 century, which is sponsored by the Ministry of Economic Affairs of ROC. A dozen of Professors from NTHU (National Tsing Hua University) with expertise at the novel materials and analysis and NCTU (National Chiao Tung University) with expertise at devices and reliability are devoted to the studies and are in collaboration with the world-wide-known company such as TSMC, and breakthrough of the key technologies of 45-32 nm technologies are achieved. The objective of this project is focused on the development of advanced metal gate/high-k MOSFET for 45 nm node generation and beyond, the efforts include the thermal stability of HfO2, HfAlOx alloy and Al2O3/HfO2 stack, prepared by ALD were compared, the incorporation of Al in alloy form gave superior characteristics by retaining an amorphous structure up to 1000±C, which suppress the leakage current and retards growth of the interfacial layer giving the least increment of EOT and interface traps. Besides, by incorporating Al into TiO2 gave an EOT value of the Al2O3/TiAlOx/Al2O3 film down to 0.8 nm. Furthermore, high selectivity was obtained via etching the HfAlO and silicon wafer with pattern using the ICP Plasma. In this project, YbSi metal gate for n-MOSFET and IrSi metal gate p-MOSFET were successfully fabricated for the HfAlON MESFET. The results showed the good effective workfunction of 4.15 and 4.9 eV and no degradation of gate dielectric current and mobility in the YbxSi/HfAlON and IrxSi/HfAlON FUSI-gates by reducing the metal diffusion at lower temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-512
Number of pages6
Journale-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 4
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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