Nanoparticles of Pb-Bi eutectic nucleation and growth on alumina template

Chien Chon Chen*, Chin Guo Kuo, Jung Hsuan Chen, Chuen Guang Chao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


A novel and convenient method of thermo-immersion was used to fabricate of a large of lead-bismuth (Pb-Bi) eutectic nanoparticles on an uniform size anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template. The AAO with a 60 nm pore diameter was used as a template for nanoparticles nucleation and growth. Both Pb-Bi and AAO were placed in a glass tube in vacuum at 10-6 Torr, controlled by a molecular turbo pump then heated up to the melting point of the alloy. Nanoparticles nucleated and grew on the AAO template when the molten Pb-Bi solidified. The nanoparticles nucleated on the pore corners of the AAO template initially, grew simultaneously and assembled into a big nanoparticle on top of the AAO template later. Additionally, the size diameters of the initial nanoparticles were approximately 15 nm on the pore corners of the AAO template, and 80 nm when the initial nanoparticles formed a large nanoparticle. Latent heat was released when the molten Pb-Bi solidified to form nanoparticles. The size diameters distribution of nanoparticles was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) such that, the diameters of the nanoparticles were 80 nm on top of the AAO template, and 200 nm in depths of the concave.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8354-8359
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • AAO
  • Lead-blsmuth
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nucleation
  • Thermo-immersion process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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