Mutational Analysis of the Hormone-sensitive Lipase Translocation Reaction in Adipocytes

Chun-Li Su, Carole Sztalryd, Juan Antonio Contreras, Cecilia Holm, Alan R. Kimmel, Constantine Londos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lipolysis in adipocytes governs the release of fatty acids for the supply of energy to various tissues of the body. This reaction is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), a cytosolic enzyme, and perilipin, which coats the lipid droplet surface in adipocytes. Both HSL and perilipin are substrates for polyphosphorylation by protein kinase A (PKA), and phosphorylation of perilipin is required to induce HSL to translocate from the cytosol to the surface of the lipid droplet, a critical step in the lipolytic reaction (Sztalryd C., Xu, G., Dorward, H., Tansey, J. T., Contreras, J.A, Kimmel, A. R., and Londos, C. (2003) J. Cell Biol. 161, 1093-1103). In the present paper we demonstrate that phosphorylation at one of the two more recently discovered PKA sites within HSL, serines 659 and 660, is also required to effect the translocation reaction. Translocation does not occur when these serines residues are mutated simultaneously to alanines. Also, mutation of the catalytic Ser-423 eliminates HSL translocation, showing that the inactive enzyme does not migrate to the lipid droplet upon PKA activation. Thus, HSL translocation requires the phosphorylation of both HSL and perilipin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43615-43619
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct 31

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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