Multiwavelength investigations of co-evolution of bright cluster galaxies and their host clusters

Yasuhiro Hashimoto, J. Patrick Henry, Hans Boehringer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a systematic multiwavelength investigation of environments of the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs), using the X-ray data from the Chandra archive, and optical images taken with 34 × 27 arcmin2 field-of-view Subaru Suprime-Cam. Our goal is to help understand the relationship between the BCGs and their host clusters, and between the BCGs and other galaxies, to eventually address a question of the formation and co-evolution of BCGs and the clusters. Our results include the following. (1) Morphological variety of BCGs, or the second or the third brightest galaxy (BCG2, BCG3), is comparable to that of other bright red sequence galaxies, suggesting that we have a continuous variation of morphology between BCGs, BCG2, and BCG3, rather than a sharp separation between the BCG and the rest of the bright galaxies. (2) The offset of the BCG position relative to the cluster centre is correlated to the degree of concentration of cluster X-ray morphology (Spearman ρ = -0.79), consistent with an interpretation that BCGs tend to be off-centred inside dynamically unsettled clusters. (3) Morphologically disturbed clusters tend to harbour the brighter BCGs, implying that the 'early collapse' may not be the only major mechanism to control the BCG formation and evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-600
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume440
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

Fingerprint

coevolution
galaxies
field of view
harbor
harbors
galactic evolution

Keywords

  • Clusters
  • Evolution-X-rays
  • Galaxies
  • General-galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Multiwavelength investigations of co-evolution of bright cluster galaxies and their host clusters. / Hashimoto, Yasuhiro; Henry, J. Patrick; Boehringer, Hans.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 440, No. 1, 04.2014, p. 588-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{332eae87149d42aab2069419c9127d9a,
title = "Multiwavelength investigations of co-evolution of bright cluster galaxies and their host clusters",
abstract = "We report a systematic multiwavelength investigation of environments of the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs), using the X-ray data from the Chandra archive, and optical images taken with 34 × 27 arcmin2 field-of-view Subaru Suprime-Cam. Our goal is to help understand the relationship between the BCGs and their host clusters, and between the BCGs and other galaxies, to eventually address a question of the formation and co-evolution of BCGs and the clusters. Our results include the following. (1) Morphological variety of BCGs, or the second or the third brightest galaxy (BCG2, BCG3), is comparable to that of other bright red sequence galaxies, suggesting that we have a continuous variation of morphology between BCGs, BCG2, and BCG3, rather than a sharp separation between the BCG and the rest of the bright galaxies. (2) The offset of the BCG position relative to the cluster centre is correlated to the degree of concentration of cluster X-ray morphology (Spearman ρ = -0.79), consistent with an interpretation that BCGs tend to be off-centred inside dynamically unsettled clusters. (3) Morphologically disturbed clusters tend to harbour the brighter BCGs, implying that the 'early collapse' may not be the only major mechanism to control the BCG formation and evolution.",
keywords = "Clusters, Evolution-X-rays, Galaxies, General-galaxies",
author = "Yasuhiro Hashimoto and Henry, {J. Patrick} and Hans Boehringer",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1093/mnras/stu311",
language = "English",
volume = "440",
pages = "588--600",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiwavelength investigations of co-evolution of bright cluster galaxies and their host clusters

AU - Hashimoto, Yasuhiro

AU - Henry, J. Patrick

AU - Boehringer, Hans

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - We report a systematic multiwavelength investigation of environments of the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs), using the X-ray data from the Chandra archive, and optical images taken with 34 × 27 arcmin2 field-of-view Subaru Suprime-Cam. Our goal is to help understand the relationship between the BCGs and their host clusters, and between the BCGs and other galaxies, to eventually address a question of the formation and co-evolution of BCGs and the clusters. Our results include the following. (1) Morphological variety of BCGs, or the second or the third brightest galaxy (BCG2, BCG3), is comparable to that of other bright red sequence galaxies, suggesting that we have a continuous variation of morphology between BCGs, BCG2, and BCG3, rather than a sharp separation between the BCG and the rest of the bright galaxies. (2) The offset of the BCG position relative to the cluster centre is correlated to the degree of concentration of cluster X-ray morphology (Spearman ρ = -0.79), consistent with an interpretation that BCGs tend to be off-centred inside dynamically unsettled clusters. (3) Morphologically disturbed clusters tend to harbour the brighter BCGs, implying that the 'early collapse' may not be the only major mechanism to control the BCG formation and evolution.

AB - We report a systematic multiwavelength investigation of environments of the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs), using the X-ray data from the Chandra archive, and optical images taken with 34 × 27 arcmin2 field-of-view Subaru Suprime-Cam. Our goal is to help understand the relationship between the BCGs and their host clusters, and between the BCGs and other galaxies, to eventually address a question of the formation and co-evolution of BCGs and the clusters. Our results include the following. (1) Morphological variety of BCGs, or the second or the third brightest galaxy (BCG2, BCG3), is comparable to that of other bright red sequence galaxies, suggesting that we have a continuous variation of morphology between BCGs, BCG2, and BCG3, rather than a sharp separation between the BCG and the rest of the bright galaxies. (2) The offset of the BCG position relative to the cluster centre is correlated to the degree of concentration of cluster X-ray morphology (Spearman ρ = -0.79), consistent with an interpretation that BCGs tend to be off-centred inside dynamically unsettled clusters. (3) Morphologically disturbed clusters tend to harbour the brighter BCGs, implying that the 'early collapse' may not be the only major mechanism to control the BCG formation and evolution.

KW - Clusters

KW - Evolution-X-rays

KW - Galaxies

KW - General-galaxies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897502334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897502334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stu311

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stu311

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84897502334

VL - 440

SP - 588

EP - 600

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 1

ER -