MPTP toxicity causes vocal, auditory, orientation and movement defects in the echolocation bat

Wan Jhen Wu, Chen Wen Lu, Sheue Er Wang, Ching Lung Lin, Li Yu Su, Chung Hsin Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) can damage dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra in many mammals with biochemical and cellular changes that are relatively similar to those observed in Parkinson’s disease. Our study examined whether MPTP-treated echolocation bats can cause changes in bat echolocation system. By considering ultrasound spectrums, auditory brainstem-evoked potentials and flight trajectories of normal bats, we observed that the vocal, auditory, orientation and movement functions of MPTP-treated bats were significantly impaired, and they exhibited various symptoms resembling those in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Our immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses further indicated that expression of vocal-related FOXP2 in the superior colliculus, auditory-related otoferlin in the inferior colliculus, dopamine synthesis-related aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase in the substantia nigra and dopamine receptor in the striatum was significantly decreased. Furthermore, protein expression related to inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the substantia nigra was significantly increased in MPTP-treated bats. These results indicate that inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis may be instrumental in dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra. The vocal, auditory and orientation and movement dysfunctions of MPTP-treated bats are relatively consistent with symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-134
Number of pages10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 13


  • 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine
  • FOXP2
  • bats
  • dopamine
  • echolocation
  • otoferlin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'MPTP toxicity causes vocal, auditory, orientation and movement defects in the echolocation bat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this