Monitoring of wound healing process of human skin after fractional laser treatments with optical coherence tomography

Meng Tsan Tsai, Chih Hsun Yang, Su Chin Shen, Ya Ju Lee, Feng Yu Chang, Cheng Shin Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fractional photothermolysis induced by non-ablative fractional lasers (NAFLs) or ablative fractional lasers (AFLs) can remodel the skin, regenerate collagen, and remove tumor tissue. However, fractional laser treatments may result in severe side effects, and multiple treatments are required to achieve the expected outcome. Thus, the treatment outcome and downtime after fractional laser treatments are key issues to determine the following treatment strategy. In this study, an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system was implemented for in vivo studies of wound healing after NAFL and AFL treatments. According to the OCT scanning results, the laser-induced photothermolysis including volatilization and coagulation could be morphologically identified. To continue monitoring the wound healing process, the treated regions were scanned with OCT at different time points, and the en-face images at various tissue depths were extracted from three-dimensional OCT images. Furthermore, to quantitatively evaluate the morphological changes at different tissue depths during wound healing, an algorithm was developed to distinguish the backscattering properties of untreated and treated tissues. The results showed that the coagulation damage induced by the NAFLs could be rapidly healed in 6 days. In contrast, the tissue volatilization induced by AFLs required a longer recovery time of 14 days. In conclusion, this study establishes the feasibility of this methodology as a means of clinically monitoring treatment outcomes and wound healing after fractional laser treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2362-2375
Number of pages14
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 1

Fingerprint

wound healing
Optical Coherence Tomography
Wound Healing
Lasers
tomography
Skin
lasers
Volatilization
vaporizing
coagulation
downtime
healing
Feasibility Studies
collagens
backscattering
Collagen
tumors
recovery
methodology
damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Monitoring of wound healing process of human skin after fractional laser treatments with optical coherence tomography. / Tsai, Meng Tsan; Yang, Chih Hsun; Shen, Su Chin; Lee, Ya Ju; Chang, Feng Yu; Feng, Cheng Shin.

In: Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 4, No. 11, 01.11.2013, p. 2362-2375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsai, Meng Tsan ; Yang, Chih Hsun ; Shen, Su Chin ; Lee, Ya Ju ; Chang, Feng Yu ; Feng, Cheng Shin. / Monitoring of wound healing process of human skin after fractional laser treatments with optical coherence tomography. In: Biomedical Optics Express. 2013 ; Vol. 4, No. 11. pp. 2362-2375.
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