Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of maternal care in membracine treehoppers

Chung Ping Lin, Bryan N. Danforth, Thomas K. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The treehopper subfamily Membracinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Membracidae) comprises the majority of genera and species diversity in the New World tropics. These treehoppers exhibit a wide range of social behaviors, making them an excellent group for studying patterns of social evolution in insects. However, to date the tribal and generic relationships have remained unclear. We reconstructed the phylogeny of the Membracinae using a combined mitochondrial (COI, COII, tRNA-Leu, and 12S) and nuclear (Wg) gene data set. A total of 2608 aligned nucleotide sites were obtained for 112 species, representing 25 of 38 currently recognized genera and all four tribes. A strict consensus of five equally parsimonious trees recovered the subfamily and three of its four tribes. The majority rule consensus tree derived from the Bayesian analyses based on the GTR+I+G and mixed-models recovered many clades shared with the parsimony trees and is identical to the single best tree inferred from maximum likelihood analysis, aside from the rearrangement of one node. A comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear genes indicated that Wg provided higher consistency index (CI), data decisiveness (DD), partitioned Bremer support (PBS) than any of the mitochondrial genes analyzed. The combined mitochondrial and nuclear DNA provide strong support for the monophyly of the subfamily and three of its four tribes (Aconophorini, Hoplophorionini, and Hypsoprorini). Membracini is paraphyletic with respect to Hoplophorionini and contains two lineages, the Membracini sensu strictu and the newly resurrected tribe Bolbonotini. Our analyses show that there is a strong phylogenetic component to the evolution of maternal care. Given the widespread occurrence of maternal care within the subfamily, this trait is estimated to have ≤3 origins, two reversals, and one loss. Our results suggest that the evolution of maternal care in insects may not be as evolutionarily labile as previously thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-421
Number of pages22
JournalSystematic Biology
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Membracidae
maternal care
Hemiptera
Molecular Evolution
Insects
Mitochondrial Genes
Mothers
phylogenetics
gene
phylogeny
RNA, Transfer, Leu
insect
maximum likelihood analysis
insects
probability analysis
Bayes Theorem
genes
Social Behavior
social behavior
Phylogeny

Keywords

  • Bayesian analysis
  • Maximum likelihood
  • Membracidae
  • Mitochondrial gene
  • Nuclear gene
  • Phylogeny
  • Social evolution
  • Treehoppers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics

Cite this

Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of maternal care in membracine treehoppers. / Lin, Chung Ping; Danforth, Bryan N.; Wood, Thomas K.

In: Systematic Biology, Vol. 53, No. 3, 01.06.2004, p. 400-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Chung Ping ; Danforth, Bryan N. ; Wood, Thomas K. / Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of maternal care in membracine treehoppers. In: Systematic Biology. 2004 ; Vol. 53, No. 3. pp. 400-421.
@article{ebc39c922ff24f659d3875f5ee839576,
title = "Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of maternal care in membracine treehoppers",
abstract = "The treehopper subfamily Membracinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Membracidae) comprises the majority of genera and species diversity in the New World tropics. These treehoppers exhibit a wide range of social behaviors, making them an excellent group for studying patterns of social evolution in insects. However, to date the tribal and generic relationships have remained unclear. We reconstructed the phylogeny of the Membracinae using a combined mitochondrial (COI, COII, tRNA-Leu, and 12S) and nuclear (Wg) gene data set. A total of 2608 aligned nucleotide sites were obtained for 112 species, representing 25 of 38 currently recognized genera and all four tribes. A strict consensus of five equally parsimonious trees recovered the subfamily and three of its four tribes. The majority rule consensus tree derived from the Bayesian analyses based on the GTR+I+G and mixed-models recovered many clades shared with the parsimony trees and is identical to the single best tree inferred from maximum likelihood analysis, aside from the rearrangement of one node. A comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear genes indicated that Wg provided higher consistency index (CI), data decisiveness (DD), partitioned Bremer support (PBS) than any of the mitochondrial genes analyzed. The combined mitochondrial and nuclear DNA provide strong support for the monophyly of the subfamily and three of its four tribes (Aconophorini, Hoplophorionini, and Hypsoprorini). Membracini is paraphyletic with respect to Hoplophorionini and contains two lineages, the Membracini sensu strictu and the newly resurrected tribe Bolbonotini. Our analyses show that there is a strong phylogenetic component to the evolution of maternal care. Given the widespread occurrence of maternal care within the subfamily, this trait is estimated to have ≤3 origins, two reversals, and one loss. Our results suggest that the evolution of maternal care in insects may not be as evolutionarily labile as previously thought.",
keywords = "Bayesian analysis, Maximum likelihood, Membracidae, Mitochondrial gene, Nuclear gene, Phylogeny, Social evolution, Treehoppers",
author = "Lin, {Chung Ping} and Danforth, {Bryan N.} and Wood, {Thomas K.}",
year = "2004",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/10635150490445869",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "400--421",
journal = "Systematic Biology",
issn = "1063-5157",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of maternal care in membracine treehoppers

AU - Lin, Chung Ping

AU - Danforth, Bryan N.

AU - Wood, Thomas K.

PY - 2004/6/1

Y1 - 2004/6/1

N2 - The treehopper subfamily Membracinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Membracidae) comprises the majority of genera and species diversity in the New World tropics. These treehoppers exhibit a wide range of social behaviors, making them an excellent group for studying patterns of social evolution in insects. However, to date the tribal and generic relationships have remained unclear. We reconstructed the phylogeny of the Membracinae using a combined mitochondrial (COI, COII, tRNA-Leu, and 12S) and nuclear (Wg) gene data set. A total of 2608 aligned nucleotide sites were obtained for 112 species, representing 25 of 38 currently recognized genera and all four tribes. A strict consensus of five equally parsimonious trees recovered the subfamily and three of its four tribes. The majority rule consensus tree derived from the Bayesian analyses based on the GTR+I+G and mixed-models recovered many clades shared with the parsimony trees and is identical to the single best tree inferred from maximum likelihood analysis, aside from the rearrangement of one node. A comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear genes indicated that Wg provided higher consistency index (CI), data decisiveness (DD), partitioned Bremer support (PBS) than any of the mitochondrial genes analyzed. The combined mitochondrial and nuclear DNA provide strong support for the monophyly of the subfamily and three of its four tribes (Aconophorini, Hoplophorionini, and Hypsoprorini). Membracini is paraphyletic with respect to Hoplophorionini and contains two lineages, the Membracini sensu strictu and the newly resurrected tribe Bolbonotini. Our analyses show that there is a strong phylogenetic component to the evolution of maternal care. Given the widespread occurrence of maternal care within the subfamily, this trait is estimated to have ≤3 origins, two reversals, and one loss. Our results suggest that the evolution of maternal care in insects may not be as evolutionarily labile as previously thought.

AB - The treehopper subfamily Membracinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Membracidae) comprises the majority of genera and species diversity in the New World tropics. These treehoppers exhibit a wide range of social behaviors, making them an excellent group for studying patterns of social evolution in insects. However, to date the tribal and generic relationships have remained unclear. We reconstructed the phylogeny of the Membracinae using a combined mitochondrial (COI, COII, tRNA-Leu, and 12S) and nuclear (Wg) gene data set. A total of 2608 aligned nucleotide sites were obtained for 112 species, representing 25 of 38 currently recognized genera and all four tribes. A strict consensus of five equally parsimonious trees recovered the subfamily and three of its four tribes. The majority rule consensus tree derived from the Bayesian analyses based on the GTR+I+G and mixed-models recovered many clades shared with the parsimony trees and is identical to the single best tree inferred from maximum likelihood analysis, aside from the rearrangement of one node. A comparison of mitochondrial and nuclear genes indicated that Wg provided higher consistency index (CI), data decisiveness (DD), partitioned Bremer support (PBS) than any of the mitochondrial genes analyzed. The combined mitochondrial and nuclear DNA provide strong support for the monophyly of the subfamily and three of its four tribes (Aconophorini, Hoplophorionini, and Hypsoprorini). Membracini is paraphyletic with respect to Hoplophorionini and contains two lineages, the Membracini sensu strictu and the newly resurrected tribe Bolbonotini. Our analyses show that there is a strong phylogenetic component to the evolution of maternal care. Given the widespread occurrence of maternal care within the subfamily, this trait is estimated to have ≤3 origins, two reversals, and one loss. Our results suggest that the evolution of maternal care in insects may not be as evolutionarily labile as previously thought.

KW - Bayesian analysis

KW - Maximum likelihood

KW - Membracidae

KW - Mitochondrial gene

KW - Nuclear gene

KW - Phylogeny

KW - Social evolution

KW - Treehoppers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3242699787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=3242699787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10635150490445869

DO - 10.1080/10635150490445869

M3 - Article

C2 - 15503670

AN - SCOPUS:3242699787

VL - 53

SP - 400

EP - 421

JO - Systematic Biology

JF - Systematic Biology

SN - 1063-5157

IS - 3

ER -