Modulating chemical composition and work function of suspended reduced graphene oxide membranes through electrochemical reduction

Jan Sebastian Dominic Rodriguez, Takuji Ohigashi, Chi Cheng Lee, Meng Hsuan Tsai, Chueh Cheng Yang, Chia Hsin Wang, Chi Chen, Way Faung Pong, Hsiang Chih Chiu*, Cheng Hao Chuang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Electrochemical reduction in aqueous graphene oxide (GO) dispersion has emerged as an alternative route to producing a reduced GO (rGO) membrane on Au mesh. Under scanning electron microscopy, an interesting pattern formed by distinct differences was discovered from the deoxidization evolution. Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy shows the chemical composition coordination mixing of C–OH, C–O–C, HO–C[dbnd]O, and C[dbnd]O bonds at nanoscale resolution. The electrochemical reduction of C–OH, new bonding of C–O–C, and structure recovery of C[dbnd]C were obtained from GO transformation into the rGO membrane. In Kelvin probe force microscopy, the same pattern of rGO was also observed for the diversity of work functions ranging from 5.55 to 5.70 eV compared with the uniform distribution of GO of 5.78 eV. Density functional theory calculations predicted that the work function variation originated from the dependence of O atom number and functional group species. A high (low) diversity in work function values was ascribed to the C–O–C (HO–C[dbnd]O) bond even with increasing oxygen numbers, accounting for the peak variation. Controlling the work function holds great significance for photovoltaic behavior and band alignment in photoelectric devices. Thus, growing large-area rGO membranes offers a new route to obtaining membranes for applications requiring transparent materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-418
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 15


  • Density function theory
  • Kevin probe force microscopy
  • Membrane
  • Oxygen functional group
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy
  • Work function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


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