Modeling psychological well-being and family relationships among retired older people in Taiwan

Hui Hsun Chiang, Li Hui Chien, Jie Siang Lin, Yi Hui Yeh, Tony Szu Hsien Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Well-being is an important indicator of an individual's quality of life, especially for retired people. In the present study, we investigated the psychological well-being (PWB) of retired Taipei (Taiwan) older people and its associations with sex, family relationships, and health status. A structured questionnaire was used to measure demographics, family relationships, and perceived health status, as well as Ryff's PWB Scales. Data were analyzed from 268 retired olderpeople recruited from social service centres and public parks from September to November 2010. The Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes model demonstrated a very good fit of Ryff's PWB Scales and their relations to sex, family relationships, and perceived health status. The link with PWB was stronger for family relationships than for perceived health. The Mandarin translation of Ryff's PWB Scales was found to be suitable and easy to administer to Taiwanese olderpeople. The findings suggest that nurses should note that improving family relations will facilitate the PWB of retired olderpeople, which results in better outcomes of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb


  • Chinese culture
  • Family relationship
  • Psychological well-being
  • Retired olderpeople
  • Successful ageing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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