Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution

Hao Yang Lee, Sun Lin Chung, Jun Ren Wang, Da Jen Wen, Ching Hua Lo, Tsanyao F. Yang, Yuquan Zhang, Yingwen Xie, Tung-Yi Lee, Genyao Wu, Jianqing Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Karakoram-Jiali Fault Zone (KJFZ) comprises a series of right-lateral shear zones that southerly bound the eastward extrusion of northern Tibet relative to India and stable Eurasia. Here we present new 40Ar/39Ar age data from the Pqu and Parlung faults, two easternmost branches of the Jiali fault zone, which indicate a main phase of the KJFZ shearing from ∼ 18 to 12 Ma. Thus, the Tibetan eastward extrusion bounded by principal strike-slip fault zones started and was probably most active around the middle Miocene, an interval marked also by active east-west extension in southern Tibet. The coincidence of these two tectonic events strongly suggests a common causal mechanism, which is best explained as oblique convergence between India and Asia. Under the framework of this mechanism, the extension in southern Tibet is not a proxy for the plateau uplift. The KJFZ activity was furthermore coincident with right-lateral displacements along the Gaoligong and Sagaing faults in southeast Asia. This defines a Miocene deformation record for the regional dextral accommodation zone that, in response to the continuing India-Asia collision, may have accounted for the initiation and prolonged history of clockwise rotation of the Tibetan extrusion around the eastern Himalayan Syntaxis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume205
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 10

Fingerprint

Faulting
Tibet
Tectonics
India
tectonic evolution
Extrusion
fault zone
tectonics
faulting
Miocene
extrusion
Strike-slip faults
Southeast Asia
accommodation
shearing
Shearing
plateaus
slip
histories
shear

Keywords

  • Ar-40/Ar-39 dating
  • Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis
  • Karakoram-Jiali fault zone
  • Tibet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Lee, H. Y., Chung, S. L., Wang, J. R., Wen, D. J., Lo, C. H., Yang, T. F., ... Ji, J. (2003). Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 205(3-4), 185-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01040-3

Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution. / Lee, Hao Yang; Chung, Sun Lin; Wang, Jun Ren; Wen, Da Jen; Lo, Ching Hua; Yang, Tsanyao F.; Zhang, Yuquan; Xie, Yingwen; Lee, Tung-Yi; Wu, Genyao; Ji, Jianqing.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 205, No. 3-4, 10.01.2003, p. 185-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, HY, Chung, SL, Wang, JR, Wen, DJ, Lo, CH, Yang, TF, Zhang, Y, Xie, Y, Lee, T-Y, Wu, G & Ji, J 2003, 'Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 205, no. 3-4, pp. 185-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01040-3
Lee, Hao Yang ; Chung, Sun Lin ; Wang, Jun Ren ; Wen, Da Jen ; Lo, Ching Hua ; Yang, Tsanyao F. ; Zhang, Yuquan ; Xie, Yingwen ; Lee, Tung-Yi ; Wu, Genyao ; Ji, Jianqing. / Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution. In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2003 ; Vol. 205, No. 3-4. pp. 185-194.
@article{d7a29d7f3c5c4878bf51e1ff4d3bca23,
title = "Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution",
abstract = "The Karakoram-Jiali Fault Zone (KJFZ) comprises a series of right-lateral shear zones that southerly bound the eastward extrusion of northern Tibet relative to India and stable Eurasia. Here we present new 40Ar/39Ar age data from the Pqu and Parlung faults, two easternmost branches of the Jiali fault zone, which indicate a main phase of the KJFZ shearing from ∼ 18 to 12 Ma. Thus, the Tibetan eastward extrusion bounded by principal strike-slip fault zones started and was probably most active around the middle Miocene, an interval marked also by active east-west extension in southern Tibet. The coincidence of these two tectonic events strongly suggests a common causal mechanism, which is best explained as oblique convergence between India and Asia. Under the framework of this mechanism, the extension in southern Tibet is not a proxy for the plateau uplift. The KJFZ activity was furthermore coincident with right-lateral displacements along the Gaoligong and Sagaing faults in southeast Asia. This defines a Miocene deformation record for the regional dextral accommodation zone that, in response to the continuing India-Asia collision, may have accounted for the initiation and prolonged history of clockwise rotation of the Tibetan extrusion around the eastern Himalayan Syntaxis.",
keywords = "Ar-40/Ar-39 dating, Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis, Karakoram-Jiali fault zone, Tibet",
author = "Lee, {Hao Yang} and Chung, {Sun Lin} and Wang, {Jun Ren} and Wen, {Da Jen} and Lo, {Ching Hua} and Yang, {Tsanyao F.} and Yuquan Zhang and Yingwen Xie and Tung-Yi Lee and Genyao Wu and Jianqing Ji",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01040-3",
language = "English",
volume = "205",
pages = "185--194",
journal = "Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters",
issn = "0012-821X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Miocene Jiali faulting and its implications for Tibetan tectonic evolution

AU - Lee, Hao Yang

AU - Chung, Sun Lin

AU - Wang, Jun Ren

AU - Wen, Da Jen

AU - Lo, Ching Hua

AU - Yang, Tsanyao F.

AU - Zhang, Yuquan

AU - Xie, Yingwen

AU - Lee, Tung-Yi

AU - Wu, Genyao

AU - Ji, Jianqing

PY - 2003/1/10

Y1 - 2003/1/10

N2 - The Karakoram-Jiali Fault Zone (KJFZ) comprises a series of right-lateral shear zones that southerly bound the eastward extrusion of northern Tibet relative to India and stable Eurasia. Here we present new 40Ar/39Ar age data from the Pqu and Parlung faults, two easternmost branches of the Jiali fault zone, which indicate a main phase of the KJFZ shearing from ∼ 18 to 12 Ma. Thus, the Tibetan eastward extrusion bounded by principal strike-slip fault zones started and was probably most active around the middle Miocene, an interval marked also by active east-west extension in southern Tibet. The coincidence of these two tectonic events strongly suggests a common causal mechanism, which is best explained as oblique convergence between India and Asia. Under the framework of this mechanism, the extension in southern Tibet is not a proxy for the plateau uplift. The KJFZ activity was furthermore coincident with right-lateral displacements along the Gaoligong and Sagaing faults in southeast Asia. This defines a Miocene deformation record for the regional dextral accommodation zone that, in response to the continuing India-Asia collision, may have accounted for the initiation and prolonged history of clockwise rotation of the Tibetan extrusion around the eastern Himalayan Syntaxis.

AB - The Karakoram-Jiali Fault Zone (KJFZ) comprises a series of right-lateral shear zones that southerly bound the eastward extrusion of northern Tibet relative to India and stable Eurasia. Here we present new 40Ar/39Ar age data from the Pqu and Parlung faults, two easternmost branches of the Jiali fault zone, which indicate a main phase of the KJFZ shearing from ∼ 18 to 12 Ma. Thus, the Tibetan eastward extrusion bounded by principal strike-slip fault zones started and was probably most active around the middle Miocene, an interval marked also by active east-west extension in southern Tibet. The coincidence of these two tectonic events strongly suggests a common causal mechanism, which is best explained as oblique convergence between India and Asia. Under the framework of this mechanism, the extension in southern Tibet is not a proxy for the plateau uplift. The KJFZ activity was furthermore coincident with right-lateral displacements along the Gaoligong and Sagaing faults in southeast Asia. This defines a Miocene deformation record for the regional dextral accommodation zone that, in response to the continuing India-Asia collision, may have accounted for the initiation and prolonged history of clockwise rotation of the Tibetan extrusion around the eastern Himalayan Syntaxis.

KW - Ar-40/Ar-39 dating

KW - Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis

KW - Karakoram-Jiali fault zone

KW - Tibet

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037428166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037428166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01040-3

DO - 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01040-3

M3 - Article

VL - 205

SP - 185

EP - 194

JO - Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters

SN - 0012-821X

IS - 3-4

ER -