Millicharged dark matter detection with Mach-Zehnder interferometer

Chuan Ren Chen, Bui Hong Nhung, Chrisna Setyo Nugroho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

If the dark sector exists and communicates with Standard Model through the U(1) mixing, it is possible that electromagnetism would have influence on matter fields in dark sector, so-called millicharged particles (mCPs). Furthermore, the lightest mCPs could be dark matter particles. Recently, it has been shown that the mCPs would be slowed down and captured by the earth. As a result, the number density of accumulated mCPs underground is enhanced by several orders of magnitude as compared to that of dark matter in our solar system. In this study, we propose to use the Mach-Zehnder (MZ) laser interferometer to detect earth bound mCPs through the detection of phase shifts of photons. We show that, for mass of mCPs larger than 1 GeV, the sensitivity of probing the mixing parameter ϵ could reach as low as 10−11 if number density is larger than 1cm−3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137764
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume839
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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